The Establishment of a Report and Management System, to Maintain Secure Campus Environments
Since the 921 earthquake in Jiji caused a lot of damage to schools at all levels, on September 8, 2001, the Ministry of Education established the Aid and Report Management Center of Disaster Prevention and Campus Security, as well as the Implementation Regulations of Constructing Campus Disaster Management System. The aforementioned regulations contain specific measures and operational procedures of different stages, such as: the prevention of damage during disasters, management of facilities, reactions to disasters, and the recovery process, in order to organize resources of all departments and thus establish a rapid reporting system. In 2014, in response to judicial regulations, the aforementioned implementation regulations were revised into the Disaster Prevention and Aid Regulations of MOE Governing Schools at all Levels, and its Institutions, which regulate that the mission and goals of campus security offices established by schools are: reporting disasters and functioning as an operational platform of emergency management.
To better the reporting efficiency, in November 2002, the campus security offices researched and developed the campus security reporting system. The reporting via fax was changed into online reporting, so that all management levels could also understand the immediate conditions of campus security, offer timely assistance, and analyze the situation regularly, which helps in planning preventive strategies. In 2014, in response to the judicial regulations, the Implementation Regulations of Campus Security Disaster Reporting Affairs were revised, and the final version of the reporting system was completed.
In March 2006, in accordance with the establishment of the Security Strengthening Report Meeting of the Executive Yuan, the Ministry of Education listed the following topics as the focused operational points: the prevention of school violence, bullying, and students’ participation in harmful organizations. In 2012, the Regulations of School Bullying Prevention were set up, to efficiently maintain the security of campus environments. In 2013, Article 8 of the Educational Fundamental Act was revised, and the following regulation was added: Students’ rights against mental or corporal punishment and bullying will be safeguarded.
The Prevention of Children and Youths from Abuse
The Ministry of Education organized, cooperated with interdepartmental units, and coordinated the communication between central and local authorities, in order to achieve the following goals: enabling the resources of central authority, local authority, schools, and communities to be shared, integrating the networks of both family education centers and students’ counseling guidance centers, fulfilling children’s and youths’ protection, strengthening the care and interactive system of communities, jointly monitoring security, and protecting children so that they might grow up in a secure environment.
The Ministry of Education researched and established the Evaluation Table of Awareness and Suspicion of Possibly Abused Students in Preschools, Elementary, Junior High, and Senior High Schools, so as to assist teachers to be aware of possibly abused individuals in time, to report the matters immediately, and to start up related assistive systems. Those schools which are aware of abused children without reporting the matters within 24 hours will be punished according to related judicial regulations. In addition, the Award Reference Rules of Implementing Children Protection Events in Preschools, Elementary, Junior High, and Senior High Schools were set up to encourage related members of schools at all levels and networks to fulfill the reporting procedures.
Additionally, in accordance with the Regulations of the Convicted Party Should Not be Permitted near Schools where Minors Study, according to Related Regulations of Civil Protection Orders enforced by Municipality, County, or City Governments, the Ministry of Education has instructed schools where target children under protection study, to plan for the security of students, thereby preventing students from secondary victimization. Also, regarding possibly abused children in families with high risk cases, the Ministry of Education provides aid and assistance for them to go to school. Youth who graduate from junior high schools, without continuing their studies, or finding employment, are cared for and offered guidance and counseling services. The knowledge and skills of young people’s protection are contained in the organization of educare trainings carried out by all county or city governments. The Protection of Children and Youths Welfare and Rights Act and the Domestic Violence Prevention Act are included in relevant workshops.
The Promotion of Student Affairs and Guidance Innovative Transformation
The concept of promoting student affairs is based on planting the roots of students’ comprehensive development, creation, and refinement. The devotion of professional human resources from different fields is expected to assist in achieving these goals as students mature. As the mission of military training instructors is evaluated, and these military training instructors gradually leave the campuses, it is expected that new student affairs staff (including campus security staff) will be appointed and will assist with matters related to campus security. Schools also can recruit related professional human resources regarding their requirements, and actively promote students guidance affairs in accordance with the Student Guidance and Counseling Act for attaining the following goals: comprehensively bettering the three-level authority system of student guidance and counseling, enhancing students’ physical and mental health, uplifting guidance quality and the functions of innovative student affairs.
The Strengthening of Preventative Guidance Measures and Prevention of Student Drug Abuse
Since 1993, the Ministry of Education has promoted the Chun-Hui (Youth Support) Project, which aims at preventing students from drug abuse. In addition, according to the Narcotics Hazard Prevention Act and other related regulations, a system of three-level preventative strategies has been established: educational promotion, inspection and health screening, and guidance affairs under the Chun-Hui (Youth Support) Project. These strategies are expected to unearth early findings of students with drug abuse problems, and to carry out active guidance and assistance.
In 2007, to assist schools at all levels to establish a standard procedure, the Ministry of Education finalized the revision of the Procedure Chart of MOE Prevention of Student Drug Abuse Three-Level Prevention Guidance Affairs. In 2008, the Implementation Strategies of Preventing Drugs from entering Campuses were announced and activated. In 2013, the Implementation Project of Strengthening Echinacea Anti-drug Campaign Promotion was declared. In 2017, in accordance with the New Generation Anti-drug Strategy Action Guidelines of the Executive Yuan, the Implementation Project of MOE Prevent Student Drug Abuse was revised. Additionally, in response to the Project of Strengthening the Social Security Net, which was approved and came into effect on February 26, 2018, and in response to the New Generation Anti-drug Strategy Action Guidelines of the Executive Yuan, which were approved and revised on January 21, 2018, the Ministry of Education, again revised the Implementation Project of MOE Prevent Student Drug Abuse on February 20, 2019. The revision orientation is about the concept of social secure networks. The focal point is setting up prevention networks for minor students who are under age 18, in order to fulfill the concept of ‘integrative service systems, and intensive secure networks.’ Comprehensive and sustainable services are provided to students, so as to prevent them from becoming criminals when they are adults, and thus causing serious social concerns.
The Promotion of Military Training System Reform, to Fulfill the National Defense Education
The student military training system was started in 1928, and aims at encouraging the national spirit, and resisting foreign aggression. During the first period after the government of the Republic of China moved to Taiwan in 1949, and in response to the cross-strait situation, in 1951, the student military training system was carried out in senior high schools, colleges and universities. In the initial period after the government of the Republic of China moved to Taiwan in 1949, the key point of student military training was basic military training, aimed at cultivating youths to be equipped with fighting spirit and related knowledge, and at assisting students to better their competency of organization. In July 2004, the reform of current military organizations, positions of military training instructors, human resources, and judicial systems was undertaken. The General Military Studies, and the National Defense Education began to be implemented in the military training courses in senior high and senior vocational high schools in the academic year 95 and the academic year 99 respectively. Additionally, on December 20, 2012, the revised Implementation Project of Schools at All Levels Promoting the National Defense Education was announced. Through teaching in related courses and diverse activities, it is expected that: the concept of national defense can be rooted in the population, the military training instructors can be integrated into the campus culture, and functions of national defense education, such as: the teaching, guidance, and services can be enhanced.
The Refinement of National Defense Courses Contents, to Establish the All-out Defense Mobilization Readiness Foundation
According to Article 7 of the All-Out Defense Education Act, declared on February 2, 2005, the National Defense Education has been implemented. In addition, on May 25, 2010, the Implementation Regulations of National Defense Education Courses and Contents in Schools at All Levels were announced, which regulate contents and methods of the national defense education courses in schools at all levels. The national defense education courses in universities can be autonomously organized and implemented by each university. The national defense education courses in senior high schools are contained within official academic subjects, and those in junior high schools are integrated into teaching, and contained in current courses being carried out. It is hoped to cultivate students with broad global perspectives, patriotic spirit, and the sentiment of loving and caring for their hometown, so as to attain the goals of both deepening the consensus of national defense education, and defending our nation.