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友善列印

 
青年發展 -Youth Development
成立教育部青年發展署
  教育部青年發展署(簡稱青年署)於102年1月1日成立,承續原行政院青年輔導委員會主要業務及教育部部分業務,掌理青年發展相關事宜。青年署前身行政院青年輔導委員會,係長期統籌處理國家青年政策及全國青年輔導之中央機關,從55年成立至102年已有48年歷史。於組織改造後,除協助青年就業相關業務移交勞動部主政,輔導青年創業移交經濟部主政外,賡續並開創許多業務,如:青年壯遊及國際體驗學習、青年職場體驗、未升學未就業青少年輔導、公共事務青年人才培訓、青年發展事務財團法人交流座談會、建置青年資源讚平臺、建置青年志工中心、獎助青年志工團隊、辦理青年政策論壇、政策好點子競賽、主持人培訓及大專校院學生會輔導等,造福了許許多多的青年朋友。併入教育部後,青年署業務主要包括生涯輔導、公共參與、國際及體驗學習等3大部分。

訂定〈青年發展政策綱領〉
  行政院為展現「為年輕人找出路」之決心,特集結各部會之力量及資源,訂定〈青年發展政策綱領(以下簡稱綱領)〉,於104年4月30日奉行政院核定並分行實施。本綱領在「胸懷夢想創世代,在地全球皆舞臺」願景下,由相關部會依據綱領所歸納之6項關鍵能力(健康力、創學力、公民力、全球力、就業力及幸福力),陸續開展各項政策措施,進行個別計畫的規劃與執行。

辦理青年職涯輔導業務
  103年完成〈大專校院生涯發展教材及職涯輔導工作參考手冊〉,104年2月17日公布〈補助大專校院推動生涯輔導工作計畫要點〉,引導學校開設生涯課程及整合校內外資源推動生涯輔導工作。105學年度起業務聚焦於職涯輔導,106年建置大專校院職涯輔導資訊平臺,並成立大專校院職涯輔導分區召集學校。 107年透過策略聯盟、補助激勵、平臺擴散、專業養成等策略,建立大專院職涯輔導工作的支持網絡,達到整合性及永續性運作,以擴大學校職輔服務能量。另107年起「青年職場體驗網」資訊平臺已轉型改版完成,整合特色多元職場體驗計畫,並首度運用新科技,拍攝360˚VR職場影片,藉以擴大職場體驗服務,並於106年起與地方政府合作推動〈未就學未就業青少年關懷扶助計畫〉(前身為〈少年On Light計畫〉),協助未升學未就業或未能穩定就學青少年,適性轉銜。

  辦理智慧鐵人創意競賽及〈創創點火器-創新創業人才培育計畫〉,依創意啟發、創業實踐等3階段,推出〈青年創業家見習計畫〉、〈青年迴響計畫〉、〈創創大學堂計畫〉、〈新南向青創基地暑期交流活動計畫〉及〈U-start創新創業計畫〉,透過見習體驗、培訓課程、網實交流活動、創業輔導及提供創業獎補助等各項措施,培育青年創新創業知能,鼓勵青年行動、實踐創新構想,促進國內外校園創新創業氛圍。另為提升大專校院女學生之領導知能、培植未來有潛力的女性領導者,開辦〈大專女學生領導力培訓營計畫〉。

促進青年公共參與
  透過多元公共參與管道,促進青年踴躍參與,推動〈青年好政聯盟〉,透過培力、行動、分享、網絡等有系統之計畫與方案協助青年公共參與知能之發展,並成立青年諮詢組織。102年起辦理大專校院學生會輔導工作,透過課程及活動,健全學生會,107年首度試辦「大專校院學生會參與式預算推廣與培訓」,培訓84位學生會幹部,錄取6所學校為種子團隊,在校實施參與式預算計畫,將審議民主的觀念帶往校園,俾讓學生自治理念在校園扎根。102年至107年持續推動青年志工參與,鼓勵青年組成志工團隊參與志願服務活動,成立16家青年志工中心,並建立在地青年志工服務平臺及網絡,105年9月23日修正發布〈教育業務志願服務獎勵辦法〉,表揚對推動教育業務有具體優良事蹟之志工、志願服務團隊及運用單位。推動社會參與行動計畫,並於107年調整為〈青年社區參與行動2.0 Changemaker計畫〉,號召有志協助在地發展之青年,針對家鄉及生長土地在地需求,運用社會創新設計,提出創意點子並融入行動方式,走入社區,協助在地活化及發展,為社區帶來新的改變。

  為促進青年政策參與,107年規劃與長期經營社區、活絡在地產業的非營利組織或社會企業等單位,於全國各地合作辦理9場「地方創生X青年論壇」,針對不同社區的實際情形,提供需青年提供意見的討論議題,讓青年有機會對「地方創生」重新想像與定義。另辦理21場青年Let’s Talk活動,鼓勵青年自主發起討論活動,以青年引導青年關注公共議題。

  為推動中央層級青年諮詢組織發展,提供青年於政府政策形成中的參與管道,教育部依〈行政院青年諮詢委員會設置要點〉組成第1屆行政院青年諮詢委員會,106年公開遴選第1屆青年諮詢小組委員,委員聘期2年,共計錄取18名青年,至107年底已召開58次分組會議及3次大會,包含研商與非政府組織合作推動海外志工業務及法規研修等業務諮詢會議。更擴大召開全國青年諮詢組織及青年專責單位聯繫交流會,至107年底已召開2次聯繫交流會,邀請22個直轄市及縣(市)政府負責青年相關業務之主管、中央與地方青年諮詢組織委員出席。

推動青年國際及體驗學習
  為培養青年學生宏觀的國際視野,提升青年國際移動力及競爭力,於105年成立青年海外和平工作團,鼓勵青年赴全球五大洲從事海外志工服務,從服務中培力青年,並拓展青年國際視野,豐富其生命價值的內涵,增進自我挑戰及面對國際事務的能力,進而建構青年成為現代的社會公民。

  於103年起推動〈青年國際人才培訓計畫〉,透過國內外的階段研習,培育青年國際事務人才,107年轉型為〈Young飛全球行動計畫〉,鼓勵青年自組團隊赴國際參訪,返國後在地實踐,提升青年國際視野與行動力;另自94年起推動青年旅遊及遊學臺灣,鼓勵青年認識鄉土、行遍臺灣,98年起推動「青年壯遊臺灣--青年壯遊點及尋找感動地圖」,於102年融入教育學習意涵,轉型為青年壯遊體驗學習續予推展,並於103年創新辦理〈國際體驗學習試辦計畫〉,遴選學校於課程中或多元活動融入Gap Year概念,擴展青年國際體驗學習多元管道。

  106年辦理〈青年體驗學習計畫〉,鼓勵高級中等學校應屆畢業生進行體驗學習,透過青年自行研提2至3年之體驗學習企劃,規劃單一或結合數種體驗類型,包含國內外志願服務、壯遊探索、達人見習及創業見習等等,訓練生涯規劃能力,拓展多元之生活體驗學習面向,探索自我及生涯,以發展未來人生方向,提供升學以外的選擇。另於107年拓展試辦〈青年體驗學習扎根計畫〉,作為先導計畫,鼓勵高中職學生及早思考生涯規劃的其他可能性,讓青年自我探索及體驗學習向下扎根。

  107年起辦理〈超牆青年計畫〉,招募青年記者於青年署活動現場進行採訪,並建立超牆青年網站,提供青年線上學習管道,增進參與計畫所需之知能。另建立青年署相關活動影音資料庫,以策展或主題分類等方式,讓青年依其興趣或需求點閱,同時邀請青年達人於超牆TuesDay直播節目中分享自身經歷與故事,運用時下流行影片、VR虛擬實境等方式進行傳播,藉由青年語言及網絡協助進行宣傳,讓青年經驗及青年署活動於各類媒體管道及社群網站傳播擴散。

The Establishment of the Youth Department Administration, Ministry of Education
  The Youth Department Administration, Ministry of Education (abbreviated as YDA), established on January 1, 2013, is responsible for the major affairs of the National Youth Commission, Executive Yuan, certain affairs of the Ministry of Education, and affairs related to youth development. The YDA was originally known as the National Youth Commission, Executive Yuan, which was the central authority for organizing long-term national youth policies and youth counseling. The history of the National Youth Commission lasted 48 years, from 1966 to 2013. After reorganization in 2013, youth employment assistance affairs were transferred to the Ministry of Labor, and youth entrepreneurship affairs were transferred to the Ministry of Economic Affairs, however many matters continue to be handled by YDA as follows: the Youth Travel in Taiwan program , international experiences and learning programs, Youth Workplace Experience RICH program , guidance and counseling affairs for unemployed students and students not continuing their studies, talented youth training in public affairs, interchange forums of youth development foundations, the establishment of the Youth Resource-Like platform, the establishment of youth volunteer centers, rewards and subsidies to youth volunteer teams, the implementation of the Youth Public Policy Forum, the competition of good policy ideas, training of hosts, and student committee guidance in colleges and universities. These programs have assisted numerous young people. After combination with the Ministry of Education, the 3 major parts of the YDA mission include: career guidance and counseling, public participation and international experience and learning.

The Establishment of Youth Development Policy Guidelines
  To demonstrate its determination to help youth find their future path, the Executive Yuan marshaled resources from all departments. Hence, the Ministry of Education established the Youth Development Policy Guidelines (abbreviated as YDPG). On April 30, 2015, the YDPG were reviewed and approved for implementation by the Executive Yuan. The vision of these guidelines was that individuals of the creative generation, with their dreams in mind, would find their own future careers either in local places or around the world. In accordance with these guidelines, 6 key competencies were organized by related departments: physical and mental health capabilities, creative learning competence, citizenship, global mobility, employability, and happiness. Numerous related policy measures have been planned and undertaken respectively through various projects.

The Implementation of Youth Career Counseling Affairs
  In 2014, the Reference Manual of Career Development Teaching Materials and Guidance Work in College and University was finalized. On January 17, 2015, the Regulations of Subsidies for Colleges and Universities in Promoting Career Guidance Works Projects were published, providing guidance for schools to set up courses in career education, and to organize resources of schools and other sectors to promote career guidance work. In the academic year 105, the focus of operational affairs was career counseling and guidance. In 2017, the College and University Career Counseling and Guidance Information Platform was set up, and college and university career counseling and guidance area seed schools were appointed. In 2018, to attain integrative and sustainable operations and expand career counseling and guidance resources in schools, college and university career counseling and guidance works supportive networks were established, through the following strategies: the alliance of strategies, motivational subsidies, platform expansion, and cultivation of professional knowledge and skills. In addition, in 2018, the renewed website of the Youth Workplace Experience RICH program was finalized, in combination with various featured workplace experience projects. Workplace videos were filmed using the new 360° VR technology, so as to expand the services of workplace experiences. Since 2017, the Ministry of Education has cooperated with city or county governments to promote the Care and Support Program for Youth Not in Education or Employment (its original program was the Youth On Light Project ), for the purposes of assisting unemployed students and students not continuing their studies in finding stable employment or appropriate transfer paths in accordance with their own natures.

  The Ministry of Education implemented the Intelligent Ironman Creativity Contest and Rock the Future – Creative Entrepreneurship Talented Individuals Cultivation Project . In accordance with the concept of creative inspiration and entrepreneurship fulfillment, the following projects were released: Youth Entrepreneur Internship Project, Rethink Taiwan Program, Rock the Future - Grand Lecture, Startup Bootcamp for New Southbound Countries , and U-Start Plan for Innovation and Entrepreneurship. Through measures such as internship experiences, cultivation courses, training or Internet-based interchange activities, and guidance, rewards and subsidies for entrepreneurships, young people’s entrepreneurship knowledge and skills were cultivated, they were encouraged to fulfill their innovative ideas by practical actions, and the atmosphere of entrepreneurship on campuses in our nation or in other countries was promoted. Additionally, to enhance the leadership knowledge and skills of female students in colleges and universities, and to cultivate future potential female leaders, the Female College Students Leadership Camp was carried out.

The Promotion of Youth Public Participation
   Young people have been encouraged to actively participate in public affairs through diverse public participation pathways. The Youth Great Policy Alliance was thus promoted. Through systematic projects and programs: such as cultivation, practices, mobility, sharing, and the Internet, youths’ public participation knowledge and skills development have been assisted, and youth consultation organizations have been founded. In 2013, the guidance works of student committees in colleges and universities were implemented. Student committees were comprehensively developed through courses and activities. In 2018, the Promotion and Training of Student Committees Participating in Designated Budgeting Affairs in Colleges and Universities were carried out for the first time, which cultivated 84 student committee members, and in which 6 schools were recruited as seed teams. Participation in the designated budgeting affairs has been undertaken in colleges and universities. The concept of deliberative democracy has been brought into campuses, which has embedded the concept of students’ self-governing on campuses. During 2013-2018, youth volunteer participation was continuously promoted. Youths were encouraged to organize volunteer teams to take part in volunteer service activities. 16 youth volunteer centers were established, as were the youth volunteer service platform and networks. On September 23, 2016, the revised Reward Regulations of Volunteer Services in Educational Affairs were announced, aimed at rewarding volunteers, voluntary teams, and operational units who had made significant contributions in promoting educational affairs. To promote social participation action projects, in 2018, the Youth Changemaker Community Participation Action Plan 2.0 was adjusted. To respond to specific requirements for developing local places and hometowns, young people who were willing to assist in the development of local places were encouraged to propose creative ideas, take action, get involved with communities, and make good use of social innovative designs to offer help in activating the development of local places, and to bring new change to communities.

  In 2018, to promote youth policy participation, NGOs in communities have been activated; and local industry or social enterprises were organized for the long term. nine talks were carried out at Local Places Creative Revival x Youth Forums in cooperation with all counties and cities in our nation. Different current conditions of communities provided topics for youth to propose their opinions. They could thus have opportunities to rethink and redefine the concept of Local Places Creative Revival. Furthermore, there were 21 Let’s Talk activities carried out to encourage youth to positively undertake discussions and related activities, and to let youth be inspired to pay attention to public agendas.

  To promote the development of youth consultation organizations at the competent authority level, and to provide young people with participation paths in the construction of governmental policy, the Ministry of Education founded the 1st Executive Yuan Youth Advisory Committee according to the Regulations of the Executive Yuan Youth Advisory Committee Establishment. In 2017, open selection of the Youth Advisory Committee members was undertaken, with a member operational period of 2 years. There were 18 youths recruited. By the end of 2018, 58 team meetings and 3 important meetings had been carried out, including meetings on research, affairs of cooperation with non-governmental organizations in promoting overseas volunteers, and consultation meetings on the revisions of laws and regulations. Interchange meetings between national youth consultation organizations and responsible cooperative units were also held. By the end of 2018, 2 interchange meetings had been held, attended by 22 supervisors responsible for youth affairs in municipalities, counties or cities, as well as youth advisory committee members in central government and local governments.

The Promotion of Youth International Experiences and Learning
  In 2016, the Ministry of Education established the Youth Overseas Peace Corps, for the following purposes: cultivate youth with broad global perspectives, enhance youth mobility and competitiveness in the international world, encourage youth participation in overseas volunteer services around the five continents of the world, cultivate youth through service, enable youth to be equipped with global vision, enrich youth experiences and literacy, refine youths’ self-challenges and competencies in confronting international affairs, and nurture youth to become modern citizens.

  In 2014, the Talented International Youth Cultivation Project was promoted in order to cultivate talented international youths through training at all stages in our nation and in other countries. In 2018, this project was transformed into Young Fly Around the Globe Action Project, to encourage young people to tour the world by creating team groups. After returning to our nation, they could devote themselves to local places, so as to enhance their global perspectives and fulfillment. In addition, since 2005, the programs of Youth Travels and Youth Travel in Taiwan were promoted, in order to encourage youth to travel around Taiwan and have more understanding of our nation. In 2009, Youth Travel in Taiwan – Youth Travel Spots & Search Touching Map was promoted. In 2013, this program was imbued with educational significance and transformed into youth travel learning experiences, and has been continuously promoted. In 2014, the International Learning Experience Pilot Project was developed and undertaken. By integrating the concept of the Gap Year into courses, or alternative learning activities in selected schools, the diverse paths of youths’ international learning experiences were expanded.

  In 2017, the Youth Experiential Learning Program was implemented to encourage students graduating from senior high schools to participate in experiential learnings. Youths can propose an experiential learning plan of 2-3 years by themselves. These experiential learnings can be single or multiple integrative experience types, including volunteer services in our nation or other countries, travel, exploration, internships with experts or entrepreneur internships. The aforementioned learnings aimed to achieve the following purposes: competency in career organization, exploration of diverse experiential learning dimensions, youths’ self-exploration, and the development of life orientation other than academic paths. In 2018, the Youth Experience Learning Root Project was implemented as a pilot project, to encourage senior and vocational high school students to think over other possibilities for their lives, and thus plant the seed of youth self-exploration and experiential learning.

  In 2018, the Great Wall Youth Project was carried out which recruited youth reporters to undertake interviews at YDA events. The website of the Great Wall Youth Project was set up, providing youth with online learning paths, enhancing their knowledge and skills through participating in this project. In addition, a related video information database of YDA events was established, using exhibition or theme categories, that youth could consult in accordance with their interests or requirements. Outstanding youths were also invited to share their experiences and stories in the online streaming program – the Great Wall TuesDay. These events were promoted via popular video, and VR techniques. With the promotional assistance of youths’ languages and the Internet, youths’ experiences and YDA events could thus be expanded to a variety of social media paths and social networking sites.

最後更新日: 2019/11/19


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