The Establishment of the Youth Department Administration, Ministry of Education The Youth Department Administration, Ministry of Education (abbreviated as YDA), established on January 1, 2013, is responsible for the major affairs of the National Youth Commission, Executive Yuan, certain affairs of the Ministry of Education, and affairs related to youth development. The YDA was originally known as the National Youth Commission, Executive Yuan, which was the central authority for organizing long-term national youth policies and youth counseling. The history of the National Youth Commission lasted 48 years, from 1966 to 2013. After reorganization in 2013, youth employment assistance affairs were transferred to the Ministry of Labor, and youth entrepreneurship affairs were transferred to the Ministry of Economic Affairs, however many matters continue to be handled by YDA as follows: the Youth Travel in Taiwan program , international experiences and learning programs, Youth Workplace Experience RICH program , guidance and counseling affairs for unemployed students and students not continuing their studies, talented youth training in public affairs, interchange forums of youth development foundations, the establishment of the Youth Resource-Like platform, the establishment of youth volunteer centers, rewards and subsidies to youth volunteer teams, the implementation of the Youth Public Policy Forum, the competition of good policy ideas, training of hosts, and student committee guidance in colleges and universities. These programs have assisted numerous young people. After combination with the Ministry of Education, the 3 major parts of the YDA mission include: career guidance and counseling, public participation and international experience and learning.
The Establishment of Youth Development Policy Guidelines
To demonstrate its determination to help youth find their future path, the Executive Yuan marshaled resources from all departments. Hence, the Ministry of Education established the Youth Development Policy Guidelines (abbreviated as YDPG). On April 30, 2015, the YDPG were reviewed and approved for implementation by the Executive Yuan. The vision of these guidelines was that individuals of the creative generation, with their dreams in mind, would find their own future careers either in local places or around the world. In accordance with these guidelines, 6 key competencies were organized by related departments: physical and mental health capabilities, creative learning competence, citizenship, global mobility, employability, and happiness. Numerous related policy measures have been planned and undertaken respectively through various projects.
The Implementation of Youth Career Counseling Affairs
In 2014, the Reference Manual of Career Development Teaching Materials and Guidance Work in College and University was finalized. On January 17, 2015, the Regulations of Subsidies for Colleges and Universities in Promoting Career Guidance Works Projects were published, providing guidance for schools to set up courses in career education, and to organize resources of schools and other sectors to promote career guidance work. In the academic year 105, the focus of operational affairs was career counseling and guidance. In 2017, the College and University Career Counseling and Guidance Information Platform was set up, and college and university career counseling and guidance area seed schools were appointed. In 2018, to attain integrative and sustainable operations and expand career counseling and guidance resources in schools, college and university career counseling and guidance works supportive networks were established, through the following strategies: the alliance of strategies, motivational subsidies, platform expansion, and cultivation of professional knowledge and skills. In addition, in 2018, the renewed website of the Youth Workplace Experience RICH program was finalized, in combination with various featured workplace experience projects. Workplace videos were filmed using the new 360° VR technology, so as to expand the services of workplace experiences. Since 2017, the Ministry of Education has cooperated with city or county governments to promote the Care and Support Program for Youth Not in Education or Employment (its original program was the Youth On Light Project ), for the purposes of assisting unemployed students and students not continuing their studies in finding stable employment or appropriate transfer paths in accordance with their own natures.
The Ministry of Education implemented the Intelligent Ironman Creativity Contest and Rock the Future – Creative Entrepreneurship Talented Individuals Cultivation Project . In accordance with the concept of creative inspiration and entrepreneurship fulfillment, the following projects were released: Youth Entrepreneur Internship Project, Rethink Taiwan Program, Rock the Future - Grand Lecture, Startup Bootcamp for New Southbound Countries , and U-Start Plan for Innovation and Entrepreneurship. Through measures such as internship experiences, cultivation courses, training or Internet-based interchange activities, and guidance, rewards and subsidies for entrepreneurships, young people’s entrepreneurship knowledge and skills were cultivated, they were encouraged to fulfill their innovative ideas by practical actions, and the atmosphere of entrepreneurship on campuses in our nation or in other countries was promoted. Additionally, to enhance the leadership knowledge and skills of female students in colleges and universities, and to cultivate future potential female leaders, the Female College Students Leadership Camp was carried out.
The Promotion of Youth Public Participation
Young people have been encouraged to actively participate in public affairs through diverse public participation pathways. The Youth Great Policy Alliance was thus promoted. Through systematic projects and programs: such as cultivation, practices, mobility, sharing, and the Internet, youths’ public participation knowledge and skills development have been assisted, and youth consultation organizations have been founded. In 2013, the guidance works of student committees in colleges and universities were implemented. Student committees were comprehensively developed through courses and activities. In 2018, the Promotion and Training of Student Committees Participating in Designated Budgeting Affairs in Colleges and Universities were carried out for the first time, which cultivated 84 student committee members, and in which 6 schools were recruited as seed teams. Participation in the designated budgeting affairs has been undertaken in colleges and universities. The concept of deliberative democracy has been brought into campuses, which has embedded the concept of students’ self-governing on campuses. During 2013-2018, youth volunteer participation was continuously promoted. Youths were encouraged to organize volunteer teams to take part in volunteer service activities. 16 youth volunteer centers were established, as were the youth volunteer service platform and networks. On September 23, 2016, the revised Reward Regulations of Volunteer Services in Educational Affairs were announced, aimed at rewarding volunteers, voluntary teams, and operational units who had made significant contributions in promoting educational affairs. To promote social participation action projects, in 2018, the Youth Changemaker Community Participation Action Plan 2.0 was adjusted. To respond to specific requirements for developing local places and hometowns, young people who were willing to assist in the development of local places were encouraged to propose creative ideas, take action, get involved with communities, and make good use of social innovative designs to offer help in activating the development of local places, and to bring new change to communities.
In 2018, to promote youth policy participation, NGOs in communities have been activated; and local industry or social enterprises were organized for the long term. nine talks were carried out at Local Places Creative Revival x Youth Forums in cooperation with all counties and cities in our nation. Different current conditions of communities provided topics for youth to propose their opinions. They could thus have opportunities to rethink and redefine the concept of Local Places Creative Revival. Furthermore, there were 21 Let’s Talk activities carried out to encourage youth to positively undertake discussions and related activities, and to let youth be inspired to pay attention to public agendas.
To promote the development of youth consultation organizations at the competent authority level, and to provide young people with participation paths in the construction of governmental policy, the Ministry of Education founded the 1st Executive Yuan Youth Advisory Committee according to the Regulations of the Executive Yuan Youth Advisory Committee Establishment. In 2017, open selection of the Youth Advisory Committee members was undertaken, with a member operational period of 2 years. There were 18 youths recruited. By the end of 2018, 58 team meetings and 3 important meetings had been carried out, including meetings on research, affairs of cooperation with non-governmental organizations in promoting overseas volunteers, and consultation meetings on the revisions of laws and regulations. Interchange meetings between national youth consultation organizations and responsible cooperative units were also held. By the end of 2018, 2 interchange meetings had been held, attended by 22 supervisors responsible for youth affairs in municipalities, counties or cities, as well as youth advisory committee members in central government and local governments.
The Promotion of Youth International Experiences and Learning
In 2016, the Ministry of Education established the Youth Overseas Peace Corps, for the following purposes: cultivate youth with broad global perspectives, enhance youth mobility and competitiveness in the international world, encourage youth participation in overseas volunteer services around the five continents of the world, cultivate youth through service, enable youth to be equipped with global vision, enrich youth experiences and literacy, refine youths’ self-challenges and competencies in confronting international affairs, and nurture youth to become modern citizens.
In 2014, the Talented International Youth Cultivation Project was promoted in order to cultivate talented international youths through training at all stages in our nation and in other countries. In 2018, this project was transformed into Young Fly Around the Globe Action Project, to encourage young people to tour the world by creating team groups. After returning to our nation, they could devote themselves to local places, so as to enhance their global perspectives and fulfillment. In addition, since 2005, the programs of Youth Travels and Youth Travel in Taiwan were promoted, in order to encourage youth to travel around Taiwan and have more understanding of our nation. In 2009, Youth Travel in Taiwan – Youth Travel Spots & Search Touching Map was promoted. In 2013, this program was imbued with educational significance and transformed into youth travel learning experiences, and has been continuously promoted. In 2014, the International Learning Experience Pilot Project was developed and undertaken. By integrating the concept of the Gap Year into courses, or alternative learning activities in selected schools, the diverse paths of youths’ international learning experiences were expanded.
In 2017, the Youth Experiential Learning Program was implemented to encourage students graduating from senior high schools to participate in experiential learnings. Youths can propose an experiential learning plan of 2-3 years by themselves. These experiential learnings can be single or multiple integrative experience types, including volunteer services in our nation or other countries, travel, exploration, internships with experts or entrepreneur internships. The aforementioned learnings aimed to achieve the following purposes: competency in career organization, exploration of diverse experiential learning dimensions, youths’ self-exploration, and the development of life orientation other than academic paths. In 2018, the Youth Experience Learning Root Project was implemented as a pilot project, to encourage senior and vocational high school students to think over other possibilities for their lives, and thus plant the seed of youth self-exploration and experiential learning.
In 2018, the Great Wall Youth Project was carried out which recruited youth reporters to undertake interviews at YDA events. The website of the Great Wall Youth Project was set up, providing youth with online learning paths, enhancing their knowledge and skills through participating in this project. In addition, a related video information database of YDA events was established, using exhibition or theme categories, that youth could consult in accordance with their interests or requirements. Outstanding youths were also invited to share their experiences and stories in the online streaming program – the Great Wall TuesDay. These events were promoted via popular video, and VR techniques. With the promotional assistance of youths’ languages and the Internet, youths’ experiences and YDA events could thus be expanded to a variety of social media paths and social networking sites.