The Strengthening of Cultivating and Recruiting Talented Individuals in High Technology, to Enhance the National Development in Technology
In 1982, there were only approximately 10,000 people in total in the development research field of our nation; only 5 people in 10,000 within the population in Taiwan working in this field. The insufficient human resources in our nation, as well as foreign resident talented individuals in other countries caused the consequence of a stagnant technology research field at that time. In 1983, the Ministry of Education planned the Program of Strengthening the Talented Individuals Cultivation and Recruitment in High Technology Fields, which was declared by the Executive Yuan. This program was comprehensively promoted by the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Science and Technology, and the National Youth Commission. The focal points of this programs were: first, cultivating talented individuals in our nation; second, recruiting talented individuals in foreign countries; third, emphasizing the enhancement of the quality and quantity of talented individuals; finally, combining resources from all sectors and making good use of them flexibly. The pilot test was focal research on technology of the national defense and strategic industries. Efficient measures were adopted to attract talented individuals to return to our nation to contribute to their professions or to continue their studies. Flexible measures were undertaken to recruit overseas talented individuals. In addition, research awards and research scholarships were provided to professors and students in all matters. Teaching and research facilities and other equipment were strengthened. Issues and systems of the working members were improved, which had a significant influence.
The Simultaneous Promotion of Technology and Liberal Arts Education, to Care for both the Deep-rooted foundation and Developmental Foresight
Regarding the promotion of the Pilot Program of Focal Science & Technology Education, it contained the Science & Technology Education Projects of Automation, Optoelectronics, Materials Science, Industry Cooperation, Communication, and Precision Mechanisms of the 1990s’ and the following projects in 2018: the Information Technology Software Innovative Talents Promotion Project, the Intelligent Network Technology and Application Talents Cultivation Project, the Intelligent Production Industry Innovative Talents Enhancement Cultivation Project, the Information Security Talents Cultivation Project, the Biomedicine and New Agriculture Interdisciplinary Talent Cultivation Project, the Clean and Sustainable Energy System Integration and Application Talent Cultivation Project, the 5G Mobile Bandwidth Talents Cultivation Project, and the Artificial Intelligent Techniques and Application Talents Cultivation Project. The talented individuals of the science and technology fields could be cultivated by providing subsidies to colleges and universities in order to:
1. Establish teaching resources centers or inter-schools alliances.
2. Develop and set up innovative entrepreneurship courses of focal fields.
3. Create a community image of talented individual cultivation.
4. Establish practical platforms and teaching laboratories.
5. Promote the interchanges between schools and industry.
6. Implement competitions of innovative application topics.
7. Participate in international competitions and international exchange activities.
In addition, in July 1989, the Humanities and Social Science Education Improvement Project Team was established, until 1993, the continuous 2 sessions over the 8 years of the Humanities and Social Science Education Improvement Project went into effect, as a project to build up the foundation of the research field. Meanwhile, it was found that “balancing the development of both Humanities and Social Science and Technology” and “emphasizing innovative design and talented individual cultivation” were inevitable concepts for responding to the development of a knowledge-based economy. Therefore, multiple projects related to the humanities and social sciences were simultaneously undertaken, including the Subsidies for Academic Conferences and Activities in the fields of both Humanities and Social Sciences and Technology, and the Improvement Project of Technology and Humanities and Social Sciences Specific Items. In 2018, the Pilot Project of Humanities and Social Sciences Education Promotion had been continuously in operation, which included the Basic Language and Diverse Culture Competency Cultivation Project, and the Interdisciplinary Application Competency Cultivation Project of the Humanities and Social Sciences and Technology Basis. The aforementioned projects aimed at fulfilling content related to the Humanities and Social Sciences fields, improving teaching quality, enhancing teachers’ knowledge and skills, and planning the future innovative teaching materials.
The Emphasis on Interdisciplinary Integration and Engaged Development, to Strengthen the Dialogue between Technology and the Liberal Arts
The technology industry and humanities and social sciences are two pillars of national foundation: one supports the other. To strengthen the integration of research, teaching resources and academic subjects, the technology industry and the humanities and social sciences were the promotional focal points during 2005 to 2006. The basis of innovation, interdisciplinary fields, and the integration aimed to promote the Interdisciplinary Education Pilot Project for the Humanities and Social Sciences, and Technology. This Program included 3 projects operated in 2007, and 4 projects operated in 2018:
I. The 3 projects operated in 2007: The New Topics and Professional Teaching Reform Medium Term Outline Project, the General Education Medium Term Outline Project, and the Talented Individuals Cultivation of Creativity Project.
II. The 4 projects operated in 2018: the 2nd Session of Integrated Intelligent Life and Humanities Talents Cultivation Project, the University Learning Surrounding Systems Innovative Project, the Talented Individuals Cultivation Project of Digital Human and Social Sciences, and the Digital Learning Sprout Project.
The aforementioned projects were aimed at enhancing the reform of higher education, deepening the teaching content, cultivating students to be equipped with competencies of integrating diverse knowledge and interdisciplinary subjects, strengthening the cooperation between schools and cities, and broadening individuals’ global perspectives, which built up the foundation of talented peoples’ cultivation.