In 1987, the Current Stage of Environmental Protection Policy Guidelines of the Republic of China was approved, which regulated that each industry competent authority should, in accordance with the requirements, establish specific responsible units and members to implement or guide the affairs of environmental protection and pollution improvement. In line with this regulation, in 1990, the Ministry of Education started the promotion of environmental protection, as well as an educational initiative to explain the needs behind this approach, by setting up the environmental protection task force, to further build upon the foundation stone of our people’s environmental protection consciousness. On December 31, 2012, the Ministry of Education cooperated with the organizational restructuring of the competent authority; as the environmental protection task force had now accomplished the mission. In 2013, the Department of Information and Technology Education was officially founded. The Ministry of Education has continued to undertake missions of campus environmental education, in order to fulfill sustainable environmental topics and environmental education include energy saving and carbon reduction, climate change, and security questions concerning school laboratory waste, to better comprehensively create and sustain an environmentally friendly and disaster resilient education system.
Promote Environmental Education, Sustainable Campus Development, and Diverse Learning to Enhance Environmental Literacy
In July 1991, the Ministry of Education established the Environmental Education Committee. In 2005, the Regulations of MOE Subsidies to Local Governments for Implementing Environmental Education Guidance Teams Project were declared, which aimed at assisting all municipalities, counties, and cities of our nation to establish guidance teams. The guidance teams were composed of interdepartmental units, scholars, and experts, and became the major force for promoting environmental education in schools at all levels. In accordance with the Environmental Education Act which was officially in effect on June 15, 2011, the Ministry of Education organized and implemented school environmental education workshops for specific members, and selected 100 outstanding school environmental education projects. By April 2012, the aims of the Act had been realized and member qualification was progressing satisfactorily. By December 31, 2018, 6,412 people had obtained the qualifications.
In 2002, the Ministry of Education promoted the Sustainable Campus Project. Until the end of 2018, 1330 schools were provided with subsidies to operate the Sustainable Campus Project. Through the promotion of public construction transformation, the concept of sealed campus environments and standardized management thinking had been modified. The community consensus has been reorganized and campus environments have been recreated into public spaces with communities’ own features. The goal of sustainable thriving community development could thus be attained.
Better the Disaster Resilient Campus Networks, Strengthen the Disaster Management Competency of Schools at All Levels
Since the concept of disaster prevention should start from education, during 1996 to 2001, the Ministry of Education began the promotion of the Universities and Colleges Civil Engineering Disaster Resilient Education Improvement Project. In 2000, the Disaster Prevention and Protection Act of our nation was declared, which regulated that the government should implement disaster prevention education in accordance with their duties. In 2003, the Pilot Project of Disaster Prevention Technology Talented Individual Cultivation and the Disaster Prevention Profound Experimental Project in Elementary and Junior High Schools were comprehensively promoted. During 2011 to 2014, the Disaster Prevention Campus Network Establishment and Experimental Project was organized and undertaken. During 2015 to 2018, combined with adapted education regarding climate change, the Advanced Project of Adaptive Education in School Disaster Prevention, Reduction and Climate Change was promoted. From 2011 to 2018, 1775 schools were provided with subsidies to establish disaster resilient campuses in order to strengthen the integration and promotion of campus security and disaster prevention affairs, to enhance people’s consciousness of disaster prevention and security, and to establish efficient disaster prevention networks. In 2015, the Advanced Project of Adaptive Education in School Disaster Prevention, Reduction and Climate Change was promoted. It was expected that the overall social, environmental and hygiene security, as well as literacy, knowledge, and adaptive competency of disaster prevention could be strengthened, to thereby achieve the goal of sustainable development.
Fulfill the Campus Environmental Secure Hygiene Management System, Root the Deep-seated Cultivation of School Secure Hygiene Management of Experimental (Test) Fields and Places
To promote the School Laboratory (Research) Pollution Management Project approved by the Executive Yuan in 1989, the Ministry of Education established the Environmental Resource Research Management Center. Over the years, in accordance with policy regulations such as: the Occupational Safety and Health Act, the Waste Disposal Act, the Toxic and Concerned Chemical Substances Control Act, the Air Pollution Control Act, the Indoor Air Quality Act, the Ministry of Education has announced the Educational Institution Wastes Clearance Management Regulations, the Regulations of School Laboratory and Fields of Educational Practices Secure Hygiene Management, the Regulations of Academic Institutions Operation of Toxic Chemical Substance Management, and the Emergency Interactive Procedures of Polluted Air Quality in Preschools, Primary, Junior and Senior High Schools. The Ministry of Education has cooperated with the operation of integrative supervision. In accordance with the integrative supervision, through the College and University Campus Environmental Management Current Investigation and System Platform Operation Project, the MOE has continuously guided the affairs of campus environments and security management; management affairs systems and self-checking systems have been comprehensively set up, so as to progress towards the goal of schools’ autonomous management. In 2007, in accordance with the policy of the Executive Yuan on energy saving and carbon reduction and the Governmental Departments and Schools Energy Saving Action Project, the Ministry of Education has assisted schools at all levels in promoting affairs of energy saving and carbon reduction, for fulfilling the establishment of low-carbon sustainable campuses.