The Reform of Sports Administrative Organizations
In 1973, the Department of Sports, the Ministry of Education was established. In 1997, the Sports Affairs Council, Executive Yuan was set up; although sports and physical education affairs in schools were still operated by the Department of Sports. In 2013, in accordance with the Organizational Reform of the Executive Yuan, the Sports Affairs Council, Executive Yuan was reformed into the Sports Administration, Ministry of Education (abbreviated as SA). The SA is responsible for sports and physical education in schools, supervised by the competent educational authority of the Department of Sports. In 2015, following the Act for Establishment of the National Sports Training Center, the National Sports Training Center of Non-departmental Public Bodies was officially founded.
From the Double Axes to the Golden Triangle
After the establishment of the Sports Affairs Council, Executive Yuan, Sport for All, and Competitive Athletics were the two main branches of policy. After the implementation of the Sports Industry Development Act , which went into effect on March 1, 2012, it changed into the golden triangle: Sport for All, Competitive Athletics, and Sport Industry were started.
Regarding Sport for All, the operational concepts are “sports for everyone, sports for anytime, and sports for everywhere.” Related projects have been continuously promoted, such as Sunshine Fitness, Double Sport Population, Building Up Athletic Surroundings, and Sport i Taiwan. Through activity promotions, spreading knowledge, cultivation of talented individuals, organizational and environmental enhancement, diverse sport activities have been widely promoted such as aquatic sports, cycling, sports for seniors, sports for females, sports for indigenous peoples, and sports for people with physical or mental disabilities.
Regarding Competitive Athletics, the systems of athletes’ selection, cultivation, competition participation, guidance, and awards have been set up and reformed. Cultivation projects aimed at the Olympic Games and the Asian Games have been promoted. Related measures have been undertaken such as: Alternative Military Service in Athletics, Basic Training Stations, transforming sports training centers into non-departmental public bodies, sports science and research. Career guidance and life care for outstanding athletes, and the 6-Year Football Project have been also promoted.
Regarding Sport Industry, related affairs have been carried out as follows: the investigation of expenses on sports, the estimated trial balance on the sport industry, the statistical research of the sport industry, the corporate sponsorship platform, guidance for sport industry subsidies, the cultivation of talented individuals, career guidance, and t he Sport Promoter Award . It is expected that the construction of the sport industry can be comprehensively fostered, so as to activate sport industry development.
Healthy People, Outstanding Athletics, Energetic Taiwan
In June 2013, the Sports and Physical Education Policy White Paper was announced, and its core concept was “Healthy People, Outstanding Athletics, Energetic Taiwan.” The standard models of sports and athletic wisdom were combined to plan and conduct new visions of national sports in 2030. The new visions are as follows:
1. “Healthy People”: to create an enriched, energetic, and healthy nation.
2. “Outstanding Athletics”: to strengthen talented individuals in sports so as to enhance our national competitiveness.
3. “Energetic Taiwan”: to activate the sport industry and to create a quality sports culture.
The following three major concepts are integrated: “quality sports culture”, “outstanding athletic performances”, and “thriving sport industry”. Feasible specific development strategies to be carried out in the short term, medium term and long term have been planned and researched for the following 6 major core topics:
1. Sports and Physical Education in Schools
2. Sports for All
3. Competitive Athletics
4. International and Cross-strait Sports
5. Sport Industry
6. Sport Facilities
I. Sports and Physical Education in Schools “Activate Sports on Campuses, and Increase Students’ Vigor”: to establish comprehensive sports administrative regulations and organizations, to cultivate professional human resources in sports and the training systems, to improve physical education courses and teaching quality, to enhance sports activities and the quality of sports organizations, to strengthen the cultivation system of talented individuals in sports, and to fulfill the implementation of adaptive physical education.
II. Sports for All “Sportive Fitness and Joyful Life”: to establish comprehensive organizations and regulations of sports for all, to popularize people’s participation in sports, to promote sports volunteers, to expand the number of people with regular sports habits, to integrate information of sports and health, to enhance people’s physical fitness, to promote traditional and novel sports, and to found a quality sports culture.
III. Competitive Athletics “Outstanding Competitive Athletics, Reach the Peak of Perfection”: to fulfill the selection of talented individuals in sports science and the choices of sports science, to expand the participation in competition areas in which athletes have high possibilities to win awards, to establish training systems of talented individuals in sports, to promote t he Wave Project , to set up a competition participation system by different grades, to introduce comprehensive guidance systems, and to award talented individuals who have excellent results in sports.
IV. International and Cross-strait Sports “Rooted in Taiwan, Going forward to the World”: to participate in international sports organizations and activities, to hold international sports competitions and meetings, to cultivate talented individuals in the field of international sports affairs, to increase diverse interactions of cross-strait sports, and to establish an interchange platform of international sports.
V. Sports Industry “Build Up the Promoter of Happiness Economics”: expand products and service requirements in sports; to enhance the competitiveness of companies and organizations in sports of our nation, to increase professionals in sports and talented individuals in the sport industry, to increase the resources investment in the sports industry, to set up a cloud database of the sports industry, and to promote the development of the sports industry by public departments.
VI. Sports Facilities “Create Quality Friendly Sports Environments”: to organize and build up competitive athletic fields and institutions of all levels, to organize and build up athletics and leisure environments for people, to enhance the operation quality of organizing and building sports fields, institutions, and facilities, to integrate all sorts of professionals in all sports fields, and to establish an informative website of national sports fields.
The Revision of National Sports Act, Perfect the Efficiency of Sports and Physical Organizations
On September 20, 2017, the revised National Sports Act was declared. With firm positioning and a proactive attitude, the Sports Administration has supervised specific sports organizations to fulfill the legislative spirit of all the people’s participation. The first election system of the aforementioned specific sports organizations was carried out in order to establish an open, just, and fair standard system. Through supportive measures in sub regulations and policy tools, the guidance committee has developed the following standards: open financial information, allowance of open public participation, professionalization of operations, and objective efficiency reviews. It is expected to comprehensively better sports organizations, so as to upgrade their operational efficiency.
The Establishment of the Executive Yuan Sports Development Committee
On July 12, 2016, to organize national sports policies and major measures, the Executive Yuan especially founded the Executive Yuan Sports Development Committee. The Executive Yuan Sports Development Committee organizes the inter-departmental resources, and assists in promoting all sports policies to achieve the goals of popularizing sports for all, industrializing sports, and internationalizing sports. For uplifting the developmental surroundings of sports in our nation, related measures have been planned in accordance with the following 5 major strategies:
1. Refine the sports administrative system.
2. Encourage companies to invest in sports areas.
3. Connect to international competitions.
4. Root the deep-seated cultivation of talented sports persons.
5. Undertake the career guidance and care of athletes.
Strengthening Athletes’ Career Development and Guidance
The Ministry of Education has guided outstanding athletes to become full-time athletic coaches or work in fields related to sports, to fulfill the guidance and care of outstanding athletes, to strengthen sports development of our nation, and to expand the employment paths for outstanding athletes. The Ministry of Education has revised the Regulations of Outstanding Athletes Employment Guidance and 26 outstanding athletes in total have been employed. The Ministry of Education has continuously assisted in employment opportunity guidance for outstanding athletes. In addition, the Regulations of Subsidies for Sports Businesses or Profit-oriented Business Entities in Recruiting Outstanding Athletes were revised to carry out the policy of career guidance and care. In total, 53 outstanding athletes have been recruited by private enterprises.
The Revision of the Sports Industry Development Act, to Foster the Athletics and Leisure Industry Development
On November 29, 2017, in response to the development trends of the sports industry, the Sport Industry Development Act was revised. The focal points of the revision included: redefining the range of the sports industry, increasing the item of E-sports in the sports industry, expanding the tax preference range of the sports industry donations, and establishing regulations to encourage official departments at all levels and government corporations to invest in the professional sports industry. It is expected to attract more national and social resources to invest in the professional sports industry of our nation.