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友善列印

 
體育運動 -Sports and Physical Education
體育行政組織的變革
  62年教育部成立體育司;86年行政院體育委員會成立之後,學校體育業務仍由體育司負責,配合行政院組織改造計畫,教育部體育署(以下簡稱體育署)於102年由行政院體育委員會改制成立,並納入體育司主管之學校體育業務;104年依據〈國家運動訓練中心設置條例〉,正式成立行政法人國家運動訓練中心。

從「雙主軸」到「黃金三角」
  行政院體育委員會成立後以全民運動與競技運動為施政「雙主軸」,〈運動產業發展條例〉於101年3月1日施行後,全民、競技及運動產業「黃金三角」正式啟動。

  在全民運動方面,以「人人運動、時時運動、處處運動」的理念,陸續推動〈陽光健身〉、〈運動人口倍增〉、〈打造運動島〉及〈運動i臺灣〉等相關計畫,以活動推廣、知能傳播、人才培育及組織環境面向為推動核心,積極推展水域、單車、銀髮、女性、原住民族及身心障礙國民等多元體育活動。

  在競技運動方面,建構並改革選、訓、賽、輔、獎的體制,推動以奧亞運奪牌為主的培訓計畫,搭配體育替代役、基層訓練站、運動訓練中心行政法人化、運動科研等措施,並推出輔導績優運動選手就業及生活照護、〈足球六年計畫〉等方案。

  在運動產業方面,辦理運動消費支出調查及產業統計推估試算與統計研究,企業贊助平臺、運動產業輔導獎助、人才培育、職涯輔導及體育推手獎,以健全運動產業結構,帶動運動產業發展。

健康國民、卓越競技、活力臺灣
  102年6月公布《體育運動政策白皮書》,以「健康國民、卓越競技、活力臺灣」為主軸,匯集體育運動智慧典範,據以擘劃2023年國家體育運動新願景:以「健康國民」營造富而好動之健康國家,「卓越競技」強化運動人才提升國際競爭力,以及「活力臺灣」活絡運動產業並建置優質運動文化,進以貫穿匯通「優質運動文化」、「傑出運動表現」與「蓬勃運動產業」之3大核心理念,並依「學校體育」、「全民運動」、「競技運動」、「國際及兩岸運動」、「運動產業」及「運動設施」等6項主軸議題,研提具體可行策略,於短、中、長程各階段逐步落實。其發展策略分述如下:

一、學校體育(活絡校園體育增進學生活力):建立完善體育行政法規與組織、體育專業人力培育與進修制度、優化體育課程與教學品質、提升體育活動與運動團隊質量、強化優秀運 動人才培育機制、落實適應體育的實施。

二、全民運動(運動健身快樂人生):建立完善全民體育運動組織與法規、普及國人運動參與並推展體育運動志工、擴增規律運動人口、整合運動與健康資訊,提升國民體能、推展傳統與新興運動、建構優質運動文化。

三、競技運動(卓越競技登峰造極):落實運動科學選才(項),擴大奪牌優勢項目、建立運動人才培訓體系,推動浪潮計畫、建立分級參賽制度、建立完善輔導機制、獎勵績優運動人才。

四、國際及兩岸運動(植基臺灣邁向世界):參與國際體育運動組織與活動、主辦國際運動賽會與會議、國際體育運動事務人才養成、兩岸體育運動多元互動、建構國際體育運動交流平臺。

五、運動產業(打造幸福經濟的推手):擴大運動產品與服務需求、提升我國運動企業組織的競爭力、體育專業人員及運動產業人才、增加投入運動產業的資源、建構運動產業雲端資料庫、以公共部門帶動產業發展。

六、運動設施(營造優質友善運動環境):規劃興(整)建各級競技運動場館、規劃興(整)建全民運動休閒環境、提升運動場館與設施興(整)建及營運品質、整合運動場館各類專業人才、建構全國運動場館資訊網。

修正〈國民體育法〉,健全體育組織效能
  〈國民體育法〉於106年9月20日修正發布,體育署以堅定立場及積極態度,督促特定體育團體落實「全民參與」之修法精神,辦理首屆改選,以建立組織開放、公正公開的典範機制,並利用子法配套措施及政策工具,輔導協會朝「財務透明化」、「組織開放化」、「營運專業化」及「績效考核客觀化」發展,以健全體育團體組織,並提升其營運效能。

成立「行政院體育運動發展委員會」
  為統籌規劃國家體育運動政策及重大措施,行政院特於105年7月12日成立「行政院體育運動發展委員會」,整合跨部會資源,協助推動各項體育運動政策,達到運動全民化、運動產業化、運動國際化之目標。並以「體育行政優化」、「鼓勵企業投資」、「國際賽事接軌」、「體育向下扎根」和「選手職涯照顧」5大策略,研訂相關措施,進而提升國內體育運動發展環境。

加強運動選手職涯發展與輔導
  為落實照顧優秀選手,輔導優秀選手擔任專任運動教練或從事有關體育活動相關職業,以強化我國體育運動之發展,並拓展優秀選手就業管道,修正〈績優運動選手就業輔導辦法〉,計輔導26名優秀運動選手就業,持續協助輔導績優運動選手工作機會;另修正〈運動事業或營利事業聘用績優運動選手補助辦法〉,計有53名優秀運動選手受聘於民間企業,落實職涯照顧政策。

修正〈運動產業發展條例〉,扶植運動休閒產業之發展
  為因應運動產業發展趨勢,於106年11月29日修正〈運動產業發展條例〉,修正重點包含:重新定義運動產業範疇,產業項目增加「電子競技」;擴大捐贈運動產業租稅優惠適用範圍,增訂獎勵各級政府與公營事業投資職業運動產業之條文,期能吸引更多國家社會資源投入我國職業運動產業。

The Reform of Sports Administrative Organizations
  In 1973, the Department of Sports, the Ministry of Education was established. In 1997, the Sports Affairs Council, Executive Yuan was set up; although sports and physical education affairs in schools were still operated by the Department of Sports. In 2013, in accordance with the Organizational Reform of the Executive Yuan, the Sports Affairs Council, Executive Yuan was reformed into the Sports Administration, Ministry of Education (abbreviated as SA). The SA is responsible for sports and physical education in schools, supervised by the competent educational authority of the Department of Sports. In 2015, following the Act for Establishment of the National Sports Training Center, the National Sports Training Center of Non-departmental Public Bodies was officially founded.

From the Double Axes to the Golden Triangle
  After the establishment of the Sports Affairs Council, Executive Yuan, Sport for All, and Competitive Athletics were the two main branches of policy. After the implementation of the Sports Industry Development Act , which went into effect on March 1, 2012, it changed into the golden triangle: Sport for All, Competitive Athletics, and Sport Industry were started.

  Regarding Sport for All, the operational concepts are “sports for everyone, sports for anytime, and sports for everywhere.” Related projects have been continuously promoted, such as Sunshine Fitness, Double Sport Population, Building Up Athletic Surroundings, and Sport i Taiwan. Through activity promotions, spreading knowledge, cultivation of talented individuals, organizational and environmental enhancement, diverse sport activities have been widely promoted such as aquatic sports, cycling, sports for seniors, sports for females, sports for indigenous peoples, and sports for people with physical or mental disabilities.

  Regarding Competitive Athletics, the systems of athletes’ selection, cultivation, competition participation, guidance, and awards have been set up and reformed. Cultivation projects aimed at the Olympic Games and the Asian Games have been promoted. Related measures have been undertaken such as: Alternative Military Service in Athletics, Basic Training Stations, transforming sports training centers into non-departmental public bodies, sports science and research. Career guidance and life care for outstanding athletes, and the 6-Year Football Project have been also promoted.

  Regarding Sport Industry, related affairs have been carried out as follows: the investigation of expenses on sports, the estimated trial balance on the sport industry, the statistical research of the sport industry, the corporate sponsorship platform, guidance for sport industry subsidies, the cultivation of talented individuals, career guidance, and t he Sport Promoter Award . It is expected that the construction of the sport industry can be comprehensively fostered, so as to activate sport industry development.

Healthy People, Outstanding Athletics, Energetic Taiwan
  In June 2013, the Sports and Physical Education Policy White Paper was announced, and its core concept was “Healthy People, Outstanding Athletics, Energetic Taiwan.” The standard models of sports and athletic wisdom were combined to plan and conduct new visions of national sports in 2030. The new visions are as follows:
1. “Healthy People”: to create an enriched, energetic, and healthy nation.
2. “Outstanding Athletics”: to strengthen talented individuals in sports so as to enhance our national competitiveness.
3. “Energetic Taiwan”: to activate the sport industry and to create a quality sports culture.

  The following three major concepts are integrated: “quality sports culture”, “outstanding athletic performances”, and “thriving sport industry”. Feasible specific development strategies to be carried out in the short term, medium term and long term have been planned and researched for the following 6 major core topics:
1. Sports and Physical Education in Schools
2. Sports for All
3. Competitive Athletics
4. International and Cross-strait Sports
5. Sport Industry
6. Sport Facilities

I. Sports and Physical Education in Schools “Activate Sports on Campuses, and Increase Students’ Vigor”: to establish comprehensive sports administrative regulations and organizations, to cultivate professional human resources in sports and the training systems, to improve physical education courses and teaching quality, to enhance sports activities and the quality of sports organizations, to strengthen the cultivation system of talented individuals in sports, and to fulfill the implementation of adaptive physical education.

II. Sports for All “Sportive Fitness and Joyful Life”: to establish comprehensive organizations and regulations of sports for all, to popularize people’s participation in sports, to promote sports volunteers, to expand the number of people with regular sports habits, to integrate information of sports and health, to enhance people’s physical fitness, to promote traditional and novel sports, and to found a quality sports culture.

III. Competitive Athletics “Outstanding Competitive Athletics, Reach the Peak of Perfection”: to fulfill the selection of talented individuals in sports science and the choices of sports science, to expand the participation in competition areas in which athletes have high possibilities to win awards, to establish training systems of talented individuals in sports, to promote t he Wave Project , to set up a competition participation system by different grades, to introduce comprehensive guidance systems, and to award talented individuals who have excellent results in sports.

IV. International and Cross-strait Sports “Rooted in Taiwan, Going forward to the World”: to participate in international sports organizations and activities, to hold international sports competitions and meetings, to cultivate talented individuals in the field of international sports affairs, to increase diverse interactions of cross-strait sports, and to establish an interchange platform of international sports.

V. Sports Industry “Build Up the Promoter of Happiness Economics”: expand products and service requirements in sports; to enhance the competitiveness of companies and organizations in sports of our nation, to increase professionals in sports and talented individuals in the sport industry, to increase the resources investment in the sports industry, to set up a cloud database of the sports industry, and to promote the development of the sports industry by public departments.

VI. Sports Facilities “Create Quality Friendly Sports Environments”: to organize and build up competitive athletic fields and institutions of all levels, to organize and build up athletics and leisure environments for people, to enhance the operation quality of organizing and building sports fields, institutions, and facilities, to integrate all sorts of professionals in all sports fields, and to establish an informative website of national sports fields.

The Revision of National Sports Act, Perfect the Efficiency of Sports and Physical Organizations
  On September 20, 2017, the revised National Sports Act was declared. With firm positioning and a proactive attitude, the Sports Administration has supervised specific sports organizations to fulfill the legislative spirit of all the people’s participation. The first election system of the aforementioned specific sports organizations was carried out in order to establish an open, just, and fair standard system. Through supportive measures in sub regulations and policy tools, the guidance committee has developed the following standards: open financial information, allowance of open public participation, professionalization of operations, and objective efficiency reviews. It is expected to comprehensively better sports organizations, so as to upgrade their operational efficiency.

The Establishment of the Executive Yuan Sports Development Committee
  On July 12, 2016, to organize national sports policies and major measures, the Executive Yuan especially founded the Executive Yuan Sports Development Committee. The Executive Yuan Sports Development Committee organizes the inter-departmental resources, and assists in promoting all sports policies to achieve the goals of popularizing sports for all, industrializing sports, and internationalizing sports. For uplifting the developmental surroundings of sports in our nation, related measures have been planned in accordance with the following 5 major strategies:
1. Refine the sports administrative system.
2. Encourage companies to invest in sports areas.
3. Connect to international competitions.
4. Root the deep-seated cultivation of talented sports persons.
5. Undertake the career guidance and care of athletes.

Strengthening Athletes’ Career Development and Guidance
  The Ministry of Education has guided outstanding athletes to become full-time athletic coaches or work in fields related to sports, to fulfill the guidance and care of outstanding athletes, to strengthen sports development of our nation, and to expand the employment paths for outstanding athletes. The Ministry of Education has revised the Regulations of Outstanding Athletes Employment Guidance and 26 outstanding athletes in total have been employed. The Ministry of Education has continuously assisted in employment opportunity guidance for outstanding athletes. In addition, the Regulations of Subsidies for Sports Businesses or Profit-oriented Business Entities in Recruiting Outstanding Athletes were revised to carry out the policy of career guidance and care. In total, 53 outstanding athletes have been recruited by private enterprises.

The Revision of the Sports Industry Development Act, to Foster the Athletics and Leisure Industry Development
  On November 29, 2017, in response to the development trends of the sports industry, the Sport Industry Development Act was revised. The focal points of the revision included: redefining the range of the sports industry, increasing the item of E-sports in the sports industry, expanding the tax preference range of the sports industry donations, and establishing regulations to encourage official departments at all levels and government corporations to invest in the professional sports industry. It is expected to attract more national and social resources to invest in the professional sports industry of our nation.

最後更新日: 2019/11/19


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