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友善列印

 
公費留學 -Study Overseas on Government Scholarships
恢復公費留學制度
  我國公費留學制度自清朝同治11年選送學童赴美留學以來,歷經百年。中央政府遷臺後,公費留學於44年恢復,選送18名學生赴美留學;至49年始正式編入預算,49至58年期間每年選送10名出國留學,公費留學自此正式成為國家長程施政項目。

增加公費留學名額、類別及留學國家
  自59年起增列預算,每年選送20名,其後逐年增加。68年公費留學考試分為一般公費留學及博士後研究人員,73年增設碩士後赴歐洲公費留學,81年新增赴獨立國協、東歐及日本公費留學名額,總名額達150名。87年增加「短期研究人員公費留學」類別,使公費留學考試增為6大類別。91年起將一般公費留學等類別簡併。自97年以後每年公費留學名額已達100名以上,且106年新增「新南向公費留學」10名。

改進公費留學制度,持續擴大辦理
  92年改革公費留學制度,採多元獎補助管道,設置留學獎學金,為部分補助,與全額補助之公費留學考試並行。短期研究人員與博士後研究人員分別自93年及94年起,統籌由國科會辦理。98至101年推動〈萬馬奔騰計畫〉,持續擴大辦理出國留學。107年公費留考錄取名額為119人、留學獎學金錄取名額為 205人。此外為推動「新南向政策」,培育我國熟稔該地區的高階人才,106年新增「赴新南向國家公費生」名額10名,可攻讀碩士或博士學位,計錄取公共行政與政策、非物質文化資產、人口學、性別研究、管理學及財務金融等6個學門之9名考生,渠等預定赴新加坡、馬來西亞、泰國、印度及澳大利亞等國家留學;107年持續辦理,計錄取9名考生赴新南向國家公費留學,並以印度、印尼、菲律賓、馬來西亞、泰國、越南等6國為新南向政策之重點夥伴國家。

  另教育部為鼓勵、照顧弱勢族群學子(含勵學優秀生、原住民生及身心障礙生),特別於101年留學獎學金乙類甄試,增設前述3類別獎學金各5名,且於102年至107年留學獎學金甄試簡章均維持前述3類別獎學金名額各5名。凡已持有國外優秀大學校院碩、博士無條件入學許可或已在國外該等校院就讀碩、博士班之學生均可申請該獎學金甄試,以鼓勵受獎生於國外留學期間能積極努力向學。107年新增新南向國家留學甄試錄取名額為25名。

  100年起辦理「教育部與世界百大合作設置獎學金」,每校錄取名額上限為3-5名,由教育部與合作學校平均分攤受獎生3-4年間學費及生活費,並共同遴選受獎生。107年合作學校為:英國劍橋大學、牛津大學、美國聖路易市華盛頓大學、南加州大學、加州理工學院、哥倫比亞大學、伊利諾大學香檳分校、柏克萊加州大學化學學院、澳洲國立大學、法國巴黎薩克雷大學聯盟-巴黎南區大學、比利時荷語魯汶大學及瑞士洛桑聯邦理工學院等12校,累計甄選155名優秀學生赴各該頂尖大學攻讀博士學位。

  105年起教育部研議自公費留考多項興革措施,包含:(一)學門進行重整:配合尖端科技人才培育獎學金3年期(102年-104年)計畫期滿,尖端科技培育人才獎學金8大領域學群將納入105年公費留學考試學群;(二)限定攻讀博士學位:為集中資源培育高階優秀人才,自105年起受獎生必須攻讀博士學位,但仍保留「建築、規劃與設計」學門及藝術學群各學門所屬創作與展演類碩士之獎助;(三)調整公費考選機制筆面試配分比例調整。(四)啟動〈海外人才國際經驗分享平臺計畫〉(Global Professional & Scholar Networking簡稱Taiwan GPS),「Taiwan GPS」自104年9月成立臉書粉絲專頁,至107年追蹤人數已逾2萬5,045名,透過網站整合現有留遊學宣導資源,加強宣導公費留學考試效益。

The Restart of the Government Scholarships for Overseas Study System
  The Government Scholarships for Overseas Study System of our nation has experienced a history of over a hundred years, since the student selection of overseas study to the United States of America in 1872 (the 11th year of Tongzhi Emperor in the Qing Dynasty). After the government of the Republic of China moved to Taiwan in 1949, the Government Scholarships for Overseas Study System was restarted in 1955, in which 18 students were selected to go to the United States of America. Until 1960, the system was officially contained within the designated budgeting. From 1960 to 1969, 10 students were selected to go study abroad each year. Hence, the Government Scholarships for Overseas Study became one of the national long term policy items.

The Increase in Numbers, Types, and Countries for the Government Scholarships for Overseas Study
  Since 1970, the designated budgeting was increased, with 20 students selected to go to study abroad each year; hence, the student number for overseas study has increased year by year. In 1979, the examination of government scholarships for overseas study (abbreviated as EGSOS) contained 2 examination categories: 1. regular government scholarships for overseas study and 2. postdoctoral research members. In 1984, the government scholarships for post-masters’ overseas study in Europe were increased. In 1992, the government scholarships for overseas study in the Commonwealth of Independent States, Eastern Europe, and Japan, totaled 150 students. In 1998, the government scholarships for overseas study of short-term research members were increased, which increased the total types of government scholarships for overseas study into 6 major types. In 2002, the regular government scholarships for overseas study were combined together. Since 2008, the number of government scholarships for overseas study each year has reached more than 100. In addition, in 2017, the number of government scholarships for overseas study in the new southbound countries was increased to 10.

The Improvement of the Government Scholarships for Overseas Study System, and the Implementation in Large Scale
  In 2003, the government scholarships for the overseas study system was reformed, and diverse subsidies for scholarships paths were adopted. The scholarships for overseas study were set up to enable the EGSOS, and the scholarships for overseas study, to be operated simultaneously. The scholarships for overseas study provide partial scholarships, while the scholarships of EGSOS provide full scholarships. In 2004, and 2005, overseas study for short term research members and postdoctoral research members was undertaken by the National Science Council. From 2009 to 2012, the “Ten Thousands Horses Galloping Ahead” Project was promoted, which carried out overseas study continuously and broadly. In 2018, the number of students who passed the EGSOS was 119. The number of overseas study scholarships was 205. In addition, in 2017, to promote the New Southbound Policy and to cultivate the talented individuals who are familiar with the new southbound countries, the number of government scholarships for overseas study in new southbound countries was increased to 10, for master’s or doctoral programs, which subsequently recruited 9 students in 6 different fields: public administration and policy, intangible heritage, demography, gender studies, management, and finance. Students went to Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, India, Australia, and other countries. In 2018, the government scholarships for overseas study in new southbound countries continued to be carried out, and recruited 9 students to the 6 new southbound countries: India, Indonesia, Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam, which are all focal partner southbound countries of our nation.

  Furthermore, in 2012, to encourage and care for disadvantaged students
(Type 1. Students of low-income households.
Type 2. Indigenous students.
Type 3. Students with mental or physical disabilities),
the Ministry of Education especially established specific application procedures for overseas study scholarships. There were 5 student scholarships for each of the aforementioned three types of disadvantaged students. From 2013 to 2018, the manual of specific application procedure for overseas study scholarships was continuously provided to 5 students for each of the aforementioned three types of disadvantaged students. Those who had unconditional offers from outstanding foreign universities, colleges, masters or doctoral programs, and those who had already studied in foreign universities, colleges, master or doctoral programs could all apply for this specific application procedure for overseas study scholarships. It is expected to encourage the approved students to actively work hard on their studies during their studying periods abroad. In 2018, the student number for the specific application procedure for overseas study scholarships in new southbound countries increased to 25.

  Since 2011, the establishment of the Scholarships of MOE and Top 100 World Universities Cooperation has been carried out. Each school maximum was to recruit 3 to 5 students. The Ministry of Education and cooperative universities together offered students’ tuition fees and daily expenses during their study periods of 3 to 4 years, and together selected the approved students. There were 12 cooperative universities in 2018 as follows: University of Cambridge, University of Oxford, Washington University in St. Louis, University of Southern California, California Institute of Technology, Columbia University in the City of New York, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the College of Chemistry of University of California, Berkeley, The Australian National University, Université Paris-Saclay, Université Paris-Sud, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, and École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne. In total, 155 outstanding students went to study doctoral programs in the aforementioned universities.

  In 2016, the Ministry of Education researched multiple innovative measures of the EGSOS for overseas study:
1. The reorganization of academic fields: in accordance with the completion of the 3-year project of talented individuals in advanced science and technology scholarships (2013-2015), the 8 major academic fields of the talented individuals in advanced science and technology scholarships were combined into the 2016 EGSOS.
2. Limited studies of doctoral degrees: in 2016, to intensify the resources for cultivating talented outstanding individuals, the approved students must study for doctoral degrees. The scholarships for the fields of architecture, planning, and design, each field of category Arts, and related masters programs in creative industries were still continuously provided.
3. The adjustment of the portion of the written test in the mechanism of EGSOS.
4. The start of the Global Professional & Scholar Networking (abbreviated as Taiwan GPS). Since the establishment of the Facebook official fan page from September 2015 to 2018, more than 25,045 people have followed this fan page. Through the integration of the current promotional resources of overseas study on the website, the benefits of EGSOS promotion could thus be strengthened.

最後更新日: 2019/11/19


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