Guiding Taiwanese Children’s Schools
In September 2000, the first Taiwanese Children’s School in Mainland China “Taiwan Businessmen’s Dongguan School” was established. In September 2001, the second Taiwanese Children’s School “Huadong Taiwan Businessmen’s School” was established. In July 2006, the third Taiwanese Children’s School “Shanghai Taiwanese Children School” started up. All Taiwanese Children’s schools have applied for, and been issued with, registration certificates by the government of Mainland China, and reported to the Ministry of Education of our nation. These schools aim at teaching children of Taiwanese businessmen, and operate in accordance with the education purposes, and education system of our nation, so as to connect with the education of our nation. The student number has increased gradually by years, and in the academic year 107, the total student number in these 3 school reached 5,554. In December 2003, the Regulations of Taiwanese Children Schools in Mainland Area Establishment and Guidance were announced, which state clearly the judicial regulations regarding the following focal points: the establishment, subsidies, expense of student accident insurance in Taiwanese Children’s schools, health insurances, other insurances, and expense of retirement, and bereavement compensation for teachers, and teachers and students coming back to Taiwan for training or classes. In January 2010, after revising the aforementioned regulations, outstanding teachers in public primary, junior high and senior high schools are assisted to transfer to continue teaching in Taiwanese Children’s schools with their original working grades and salary, so as to enhance the teaching quality in the Taiwanese Children’s schools. Since 2010, the aforementioned 3 schools have established the Taiwan Culture and Education Institute (Center), functioning as spots and platforms for Taiwanese families, parents, teachers, and students to have contacts with the Taiwanese cultural education environment, and deliver the image of a “window on Taiwanese education.”
In 2015, the MOE Strengthening the Connection with Overseas Taiwan Schools Project was set up:
1. Through implementing all sorts of activities for teachers and students in overseas schools, to enhance the quality of the school operation. 2. Assisting in building the connection between overseas schools and schools of our nation, the following three goals are expected to be achieved. 3. Efficiently promoting the education policy core schemes in overseas Taiwanese schools. 4. Upgrading the affairs coordination and communication between the Ministry of Education and overseas Taiwanese schools. In April 2016, the Implementation Regulations of Outstanding Model Teacher Awards in Overseas Taiwanese Schools and Taiwanese Children’s Schools in Mainland Area were announced, in order to encourage passionate teachers devoted to service in overseas Taiwanese schools, and to set up quality teaching models. In September 2016, the Implementation Regulation of Personal Information Files in Overseas Taiwanese Schools and Taiwanese Children’s Schools in Mainland Area Security Protection Project were announced, in order to guarantee the confidentiality of affairs related to personal information security maintenance in Taiwanese Children’s schools, and to enhance the appropriate usage of personal information. In October 2016, the Regulations of Taiwanese Children Schools in Mainland Area Establishment and Guidance were revised again. The duration limit for transferred teachers is prolonged to one year, so as to stabilize the human resource of teachers in schools and maintain students’ rights to education. In November 2017, the Implementation Regulations of MOE Subsidies Provision to Taiwanese Children’s Schools in Mainland Area were revised. The amount of subsidies for students from children of age 5 to educational stages of primary, junior high and senior high schools each academic year, was increased from NTD 30,000 to NTD 35,000. The goals of reducing families’ economic burdens and guaranteeing the equality of rights to education could thus be fulfilled, which corresponds to the spirit of the 12-year basic education.
Encouraging Students from Hong Kong and Macao to Study in Taiwan
In June 1997, Regulations of Residents of Hong Kong, Macao Study in Taiwan were announced, to guarantee rights to study in Taiwan for residents of Hong Kong and Macao. The explanation of certain revisions of the aforementioned regulations are as follows:
1. In March 2008, the aforementioned regulations were revised, which relaxed the regulations of qualifications for residents of Hong Kong and Macao studying in Taiwan.
2. In August 2009, the regulations were revised, in which the relaxed regulations state that students from Hong Kong and Macao with a bachelor’s degree from Taiwan can directly apply for master’s programs in Taiwanese universities.
3. In February 2012, the regulations were revised, which relaxed the regulations concerning the consecutive residence period in Hong Kong, Macao or overseas countries, the staying period of each calendar year in Taiwan, and other related qualification limitations.
4. In October 2013, the regulations were revised, and these relaxed regulations state that universities can recruit students from Hong Kong and Macao on their own; and that students from Hong Kong and Macao with master’s degrees in Taiwan can apply for doctoral programs in Taiwan; and that students from Hong Kong and Macao can participate in internships in Taiwan after graduation and approval; and these measures further increase the willingness of students from Hong Kong and Macao to come to study in Taiwan.
5. In May 2016, the regulations were revised, the relaxed regulations state that residents from Hong Kong and Macao coming to Taiwan to study can apply to study, or independently transfer into or advance to a professional degree program offered by a domestic university in collaboration with a foreign university, that has been approved on a case by case basis by the central competent education administrative authority, and for which the universities have specific administrative mechanisms in place. The 10% student recruitment number limitation for degree programs was also relaxed.
6. In July 2017, the aforementioned regulations were revised, in which the words of “current consecutively resident in Hong Kong, Macao or foreign countries” were revised into “in overseas countries”, in order to facilitate residents from Hong Kong, and Macao, who travel back and forth to areas of Mainland Area, to study in Taiwan. In addition, regarding the regulations that residents of Hong Kong and Macao cannot stay in Taiwan, every year, for more than 120 days during their consecutive resident period in foreign countries, the following conditions were added: due to other force majeure events such as wars, epidemics, or natural disasters, the limitations of staying period and numbers can be cancelled.
In response to the internationalization of higher education, liberal trends, and policy of expanding recruitment of residents from Hong Kong and Macao to study in Taiwan, the number of students from Hong Kong and Macao coming to Taiwan to study has increased year by year. In the academic year 106, the number reached 12,939.
Providing Legislative Resources for Cultural and Educational or Cross-strait Exchange between Mainland Area and Taiwan Area
To review professionals of the culture and education fields and students from Mainland Area who come to Taiwan to participate in educational activities, in February 1999, the Review Regulations of Professionals of the Culture and Education Fields and Students from Mainland Area Engaged in Culture and Education Activities in Taiwan were established. In October 2008, the Ministry of the Interior National Immigration Agency revised the Regulations of Permits for Professionals from Mainland Area Engaged in Professional Activities. The study and research period limitation of staying in Taiwan for students from Mainland Area was relaxed from 2-4 months to 6 months. On condition of receiving approval, the longest staying period can be extended to one year. For prolonged study and research periods of staying in Taiwan, the total student number from Mainland Area is limited to within 1,000 each year. In December 2012, the Review Regulations of Schools at All Levels Making Alliances or Paper Contract Cooperative Behaviors with Schools from areas of Mainland Area were revised, which relaxed the number limitation during prolonged study and research periods: 2,000 people each year in principle.
Since January 2014, corresponding to the Ministry of the Interior National Immigration Agency’s combination of 4 regulations related to limitation of people from Mainland Area staying in Taiwan into the Regulations of Permit for People from Mainland Area Enter in Taiwan, the application procedure has been simplified, and the security management has been strengthened. In 2017, the total number of people from Mainland Area coming to Taiwan to study or research for one year was 805; and for 6 months was 25,019 people, which equals 25,824 people in total.
In July 2003, the Implementation Regulations of MOE subsidies Provision in Implementing Cross-Strait (Hong Kong and Macao Included) Academic Educational Exchange Activities were announced. Measures of providing subsidies are undertaken to assist related units to carry out cross-strait academic educational exchange activities. In March 2009, the aforementioned regulations were revised; the original application and review procedure was shortened from 2 months to 1 month, so as to enhance the efficiency of administrative works. In 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018, respectively, 72, 47, 38, and 25 culture and education organizations were provided with subsidies to carry out cross-strait culture and education exchange activities.
The Review Regulations of Schools at All Levels Making Alliances or Paper Contract Cooperation Behavior with Schools from areas of Mainland Area announced in February 2004 regulates application procedures and required notification items of schools at all levels having cooperative exchanges with schools from Mainland Area. In September 2013, the aforementioned regulations were revised, to simplify the application procedure, and relax the application period of signing contracts from 2 months before the contract signing to 1 month. In 2004, 50 schools in Taiwan and 104 schools in Mainland Area signed 185 contracts. Accumulated until the end of December 2018, 370 schools in Taiwan (including 77 universities, 79 technical and vocational colleges, 8 vocational colleges, 73 senior and vocational high schools, 13 special education schools, and 120 primary and junior high schools) and 2,353 schools in Mainland China have signed 16,250 contracts.
Students from Mainland Area Study in Taiwan
In 2010, the three major articles related to students from Mainland China were revised and approved: Article 22 of Act Governing Relations between the People of the Taiwan Area and the Mainland Area, Article 25 of University Act, and Article 26 of Junior College Act. In 2011, the Regulations of People of Mainland Area Study in Junior Colleges and Institutions of Higher Education in Taiwan were established and announced. In the same year, students from Mainland Area were allowed to come to Taiwan to study. Over the last 8 years, until today, the registration number of students from Mainland Area coming to study in Taiwan has increased each year, and in the academic year 107, reached 9,006 students.
All sectors in Taiwan care for Mainland Area students’ learning conditions and their adjustment to living in Taiwan. The Ministry of Education has continuously revised related regulations and carried out supporting measures in accordance with the recruitment status over the past 5 years. On January 6, 2011, the Regulations of People of Mainland Area Studying in Junior Colleges and Institutions of Higher Education in Taiwan were established and declared. After 4 revisions, regulations related to students from Mainland Area to study in Taiwan, their entries, departures, and guidance of their lives in Taiwan have been simplified and relaxed, in order to attract more outstanding students from Mainland Area to come to Taiwan.
Since 2015, the Ministry of Education has carried out a satisfaction poll on the graduate students from Mainland Area each year. The poll indicates that 80% of students are in favor of “the policy of allowing students from Mainland China to come to Taiwan to study.” More than 70% of them are satisfied with the aspects of learning environments and living. In addition, the Ministry of Education has consigned the University Entrance Committee for Mainland Chinese Students to establish the Mainland Chinese Graduate Students Mobility Survey Platform, for understanding the number of Mainland Chinese students who have the intention to continue their studies in Taiwan, and the number of Mainland Chinese students who have the intention to return to Mainland China to continue their studies or obtain employment, so as to provide research on a beneficial education policy for Mainland Chinese students. In 2018, the graduate student number for a bachelor’s degree was 1,304; and 422 students from this number (32.36%) were admitted and stayed in Taiwan to continue their studies.
Regarding the measures of “3 limitations and 6 refusals”, the Ministry of Education has gradually relaxed the measures, to create a friendly learning environment for Mainland Chinese students, and to attract outstanding Mainland Chinese students to come to Taiwan. In the measures of “3 limitations and 6 refuse”, the following 2 limitations and 5 refusals have been gradually relaxed:
1. Limitation on recognition of qualified higher education schools in Mainland Area.
2. Limitation on the total Mainland Chinese student number coming to Taiwan to study.
3. Refusal to the score obtained after preferential increase for Mainland Chinese students.
4. Refusal to affecting the recruitment number for students of our nation.
5. Refusal to designating budgeting of scholarships for Mainland Chinese students.
6. Refusal to allow Mainland Chinese students to work in Taiwan during their study period.
7. Refusal to Mainland Chinese students applying for public servants examinations or professional technical staff member examinations.
Only the following two measures are not relaxed:
1. Limitation on the recognition of Mainland Chinese degrees in the Medical field.
2. Refusal to allow Mainland Chinese students to stay in Taiwan to work after their graduation.
The aforementioned two measures are included in respectively Article 22 and Article 11 of the Act Governing Relations between the People of the Taiwan Area and the Mainland Area, and are not relaxed.
In the current stage, the Ministry of Education has set the goal of “creating a friendly learning environment for Mainland Chinese students”, and revised related administrative regulations in accordance with the principles of “balanced equal rights for overseas students”, “operation in stages, review and revise, and the completion of supporting measures.” Regulations related to students from Mainland China studying in Taiwan, their entries, departures, and guidance of their lives in Taiwan have been simplified and relaxed, in order to attract more outstanding students from Mainland China to come to Taiwan.