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友善列印

 
數位教學與學習 -Digital teaching and learning
  為培育全民資訊素養與應用能力、厚植國家資訊科技發展,教育部積極規劃推動各級學校資訊教育,期善用資訊科技提升教育品質與促進教育機會均等,進而實現因材施教、終身學習的教育理想。

建置中小學資訊教學環境
  於79年起建構「臺灣學術網路」,由大學之網路服務延伸至中小學,相繼推動有:〈改善各級學校資訊教學計畫〉、〈電腦輔助教學發展及推廣計畫〉、〈資訊教育基礎建設計畫〉、〈國家資訊通信基本建設(NII)人才培育中程發展計畫〉、〈遠距教學中程發展計畫〉、〈社會教育資訊網計畫〉。88年〈擴大內需方案-建置中小學教學軟硬體環境〉,所有學校均有電腦教室並連網,98年之〈建置中小學優質化均等數位教育環境計畫〉建置e化專科教室、數位教室、資通安全防護體系服務機制等,101年開始推動〈教育雲端應用及平臺服務推動計畫〉,並於105年度完成〈教育學術研究骨幹網路頻寬效能提升計畫〉建置,期使數位學習環境更加完善。

  106年起辦理〈前瞻基礎建設計畫-數位建設〉之中小學〈建置校園智慧網路計畫〉及〈強化數位教學暨學習資訊應用環境計畫〉,預計執行至109年底,推動數位校園、智慧學習,增進資訊融入各領域的數位教學與學習應用等。

建構網路學習系統、重視數位關懷
  90年公布〈中小學資訊教育總藍圖〉,實施資訊融入教學之創新教學活動,91年起之〈挑戰2008:國家發展重點計畫〉,提出「建構全民網路學習系統」之目標,執行「縮短中小學城鄉數位落差」配套措施,97年規劃〈中小學資訊教育白皮書〉,訂定善用資訊科技、激發創意思考、共享數位資源和保障數位機會等核心理念,充實數位學習內容、加強師生資訊素養,同時建立網路不當資訊防範機制等。97年起執行〈數位典藏與數位學習國家型科技計畫〉第6分項〈數位教育與網路學習計畫〉,實施高級中等學校資訊融入教學數位教材發展與推廣,並鼓勵大專校院數位學習課程跨校合作等。

  94年配合行政院縮減數位落差政策規劃執行〈創造偏鄉數位機會推動計畫〉,透過「數位機會中心」的建置、營運及輔導,並結合大專資訊志工、民間團體等資源,提升偏郷民眾、學童資訊近用與數位學習機會。105~108年持續推展第4期〈偏鄉數位應用推動計畫〉,邀集民間與部會資源共同投入,擴展協助偏郷多元族群(新住民、原住民、中高齡、婦女等)數位應用及行動化服務,凝聚社區共識,數位發展地方特色與行銷。

培養學生的前瞻應用能力
  105年開始加強培養學生前瞻應用能力,推動創新教學方法、美感教育及數位教育,並發展教師學習社群,引導轉化教學與學習模式,以強化學生問題解決、生活美學、數位學習、跨域整合、多元創新與團隊合作等6大前瞻能力。推動事項含發展教師學習社群、補助各級學校自造教育推動基地(含5所科技大學、24所高級中等學校及6所師資培育之大學)、辦理〈美感教育課程推廣計畫〉及〈幼兒園美感及藝術教育扎根計畫〉、補助辦理多元藝術教育活動,以及推動〈運算思維推動計畫〉。

規劃推動全方位數位學習教育
  教育部於102年起規劃建置臺灣學術網路骨幹頻寬,105年完成由10G提升至100G,另校園無線網路及支援IPv6協定,各區域網路頻寬多數為40G至100G,地方政府網路中心頻寬多數為4G至12G。目前校校均有無線網路可使用,具備e化專科教室,107年教室內無線網路覆蓋率達75%。

  101年開始推動教育雲端應用及平臺服務,將教育應用系統及資源雲端化,建立與地方政府、部屬機關(構)建置之雲端資源整合、盤點與加盟機制。目前已建構校園電子郵件、跨直轄市、縣(市)單一帳號驗證機制等雲端化服務,並推出「學習拍」、「Fun學王」、「教育大市集」、「教育百科」、「教育媒體影音」、「教師e學院」及「教學寶庫」等雲端應用服務,服務約900萬人次。

  在發展數位學習與教學應用方面,現行中小學課程綱要已規範教學實施宜有效利用多元教學媒體以提升教學效果,師生可透過電腦網路、視訊傳輸媒體,以互動方式進行教學。同時,教育部也鼓勵學校發展資訊科技在教學應用的特色,包括行動學習、數位學伴等,藉由中小學示範學校,發展出多元的創新教學型態。107年全國中小學已有213校、約1,257班、3萬1,000名師生參與行動學習計畫;數位學伴教學端、學習端媒合人數4,249人(教學端2,500人,學習端1,749人),學習陪伴總時數達10萬小時。

  目前全國超過6成大學開設遠距教學課程,課程數占全國1.3 %,修習學生數占全國14 %;網路學位專班也有10校14班開設招生。網路開放課程(OCW)部分,計有22所大學及2所高級中等學校參與,開放課程累計發布1,378門,另外大型線上磨課師(MOOCs)課程,至107年全國超過60所大學發展420門課程,透過這種新型態的學習模式,開放分享優質線上課程資源,提供學習的互動機制,讓全國所有有意願的學習者,不需要註冊學籍,也能參與校園內的課程學習及討論。

  To cultivate the information literacy and application competence of the people of our nation, and to foster national development of information technology, the Ministry of Education has actively planned the promotion of information education in schools at all levels. Through information technology, it is expected that both education quality and equal opportunity to education can be enhanced. Moreover, the educational concepts of nurturing students according to their own nature, and lifelong learning can be fulfilled.

The Establishment of Information Teaching Environments in Elementary and Junior High Schools
  Since the Taiwan Academic Network (abbreviated as TANet) was established in 1990, internet services have been provided by universities to elementary and junior high schools. Projects have continued to be promoted as follows: the Informative Teaching Improvement Project in Schools at all Levels, the Computer Assisted Teaching Development and Promotion Project, the Information Education Fundamental Project, the National Information Infrastructure (NII) Talented Individual Cultivation Medium Development Project, the Distance Learning Medium Development Project, and the Social Education Information Website Project. In 1999, the Expansion of Requirements in Our Nation – the Establishment of Teaching Software and Hardware Environments in Elementary and Junior High Schools was undertaken, which enabled all schools to be equipped with computer classrooms, and connected to the Internet. In 2009, the Establishment of Quality and Fair Digital Education Environment Project in Elementary and Junior High Schools was carried out, which aimed at establishing e-subject classrooms, digital classrooms, and an information security protection service system. Since 2012, the Project of the Education Cloud Application and Platform Service Promotion has been promoted. In 2016, the establishment of the Project of Education Academic Stem Internet Bandwidth Efficiency Enhancement was completed. The aforementioned projects sought to comprehensively improve various digital learning environments.

  In 2017, the Project of Establishing Campus Intelligent Websites in elementary and junior high schools under the Foresight Foundation Project- Digital Foundation, and the Project of Strengthening Digital Teaching and Learning, Information Application Environment were implemented. The aforementioned projects were intended to operate until the end of 2020, to promote digital campuses and intelligent learning, so as to further integrate information into digital teaching and learning applications in all fields.

The Establishment of Internet Learning Systems, and the Emphasis on Digital Care
  In 2001, the Overall Blueprint of Information Education in Elementary and Junior High Schools was declared, in order to integrate information education into teaching through innovative teaching activities. In 2002, the Challenge 2008: National Development Focal Project proposed the goal of “Setting up a system of online education for all people”. The supporting measure of “lowering the digital gap between elementary and junior high schools in cities and those in the country” was put into effect. In 2008, the Information Education in Elementary and Junior High Schools White Paper stated that the major goals of making good use of information technology were to: motivate creative thinking, share digital resources, and guarantee opportunities for digital learning. Implementation strategies included: enriching the contents of digital learning, strengthening teachers’ and students’ information literacy, and simultaneously establishing a security wall to screen out inappropriate internet information. In 2008, Item 6 of “The Digital Education and Internet Learning Project” of the Digital Collection and Digital Learning National Technology Project was put into operation. The Ministry of Education has integrated information education into teaching, as well as into the development and promotion of digital teaching materials, and has encouraged colleges and universities to cooperate with different schools for digital learning courses.

  In 2005, in accordance with policy planning for “lowering the digital gap in cities and the country” from the Executive Yuan, the Creation of Digital Learning Opportunities in Remote and Isolated Areas Promotion Project was undertaken. Through the establishment, operation and guidance of the “Digital Learning Opportunity Center”, the combination of information volunteers from colleges and universities, and resources from private organizations, has led to the enhancement of information usage and digital learning opportunities of people and children in remote and isolated areas. Throughout 2016-2019, Session 4 of Digital Application Promotion Project in Remote and Isolated Areas was promoted. The Ministry of Education invited private organizations and government departments to jointly invest resources for four purposes: expanding assistance in digital applications, providing services for diverse groups in remote and isolated areas (new residents, indigenous peoples, middle-aged people, and women), reaching community consensus, and developing features and promotion of local places via digital technology.

Cultivation of Students’ Innovative Application Competencies
  In 2016, the Ministry of Education started to: strengthen students’ innovative application competency; promote innovative teaching methods, aesthetic education, and digital education; develop teachers’ learning communities; and offer guidance to transfer teaching and learning patterns. This was expected to strengthen students’ 6 major innovative competencies: problem solving, aesthetics in life, digital learning, interdisciplinary integration, diverse innovation, and teamwork. The Ministry of Education also promoted the following matters:
1. Developing teachers’ learning communities.
2. Providing subsidies for schools at all levels to implement the Maker Education Promotional Foundations (including 5 universities of Science and Technology, 24 senior high schools, and 6 teacher education universities).
3. Implementing the Aesthetic Education Courses Promotion Project.
4. Undertaking the Rooting Project of Aesthetic and Art Education in Preschools.
5. Offering subsidies to carry out diverse art education activities.
6. Promoting the Computational Thinking Promotion Project.

The Comprehensive Digital Learning Education Promotion Plan
  In 2013, the Ministry of Education formulated a plan to establish the Taiwan Academic Network stem bandwidth. In 2016, the bandwidth was upgraded from 10GB to 100GB. The range of the bandwidth on campuses’ wireless networks and the Support Internet Protocol version 6 (abbreviated as IPv6), in most areas is 40GB to 100GB. The range of the bandwidth in local governments is 4GB to 12GB. Currently, all schools are able to access the wireless network, and are equipped with e-subject classrooms. In 2018, the wireless network coverage in classrooms reached 75%.

  In 2012, education cloud application and platform services were promoted, which enabled educational application systems and resources to become accessible on the Cloud. Resource integration on the Cloud, inventories, and franchises between local governments and the official departments could thus be established. Currently, the services provided on the Cloud are: campus e-mails, and a single account verification system in inter- municipalities, counties and cities. Other services on the Cloud are also promoted, such as: Edu Learning, Edu Fun Learning Kingdom, Education Market, Edu Education Encyclopedia, Edu Video Cloud, Teacher e College, Edu Education Treasure Vault. About 9,000,000 visitors are currently using services of the aforementioned Cloud services.

  Regarding the development of digital learning and teaching applications, current curriculum guidelines for elementary and junior high schools regulate the appropriate and efficient use of diverse teaching media so as to enhance teaching outcomes. Through the Internet, web conferences, and transmission media, teachers and students can have interactive teaching and learning. Simultaneously, the Ministry of Education also encourages schools to develop teaching applications in information technology, including mobile learning, and digital learning mates. Through model elementary and junior high schools, diverse innovative teaching patterns can be developed. In 2018, 213 elementary and junior high schools in our nation participated in the Mobile Learning Project, which included approximately 1,257 classes, and 31,000 teachers and students. 4,249 participants have taken part the matching system between the teaching side and the learning side of digital learning, (including 2,500 people from the teaching side, and 1,749 people from the learning side). In total, accompanied learning hours have reached 100,000 hours.

  Currently, more than 60% of universities have established distance learning courses, comprising 1.3% of all courses in our nation, attended by 14% of all students in our nation. 10 schools have set up Internet Degree Courses, and recruited 14 classes. Regarding the Open Course Ware (abbreviated as OCW), 22 universities and 2 senior high schools have participated in this program, offering 1,378 open courses in total. In addition, in 2018, more than 60 universities developed 420 Massive Open Online Courses (abbreviated as MOOCs). Through this new type of learning, quality online course resources can be shared, an interactive learning system can be offered, and all learners of our nation who are willing to study can thus participate in campus courses learning and discussions without registration.

最後更新日: 2019/11/19


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