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友善列印

 
學前教育 -Pre-School Education
  我國負責學齡前幼兒教保之機構分為幼稚園與托兒所,為期同年齡幼兒接受相同品質之教保服務,經86年12月行政院第2256次院會之提示審議研究幼稚園及托兒所之統合,又於94年6月20日決議幼稚園及托兒所整合後之幼兒園主管機關為教育部後,教育部即積極推動幼托整合。

  歷經14年之推動,攸關我國學前教保制度變革之〈幼兒教育及照顧法〉,總統於100年6月29日明令公布,自101年1月1日開始施行。啟動幼托整合機制,幼稚園及托兒所均改制為幼兒園,以2歲至入國民小學前幼兒為招生對象,滿足現代家庭對於幼兒教保服務之需求,並於106年4月6日公布〈教保服務人員條例〉,建立統整性教保服務人員法制。

  為落實〈幼兒教育及照顧法〉精神,提供優質、平價、普及、近便之學前教保服務,健全教保服務體系,教育部積極推動相關學前教保政策如下:

實施5歲幼兒免學費就學補助,提升學前幼兒入園率
  為減輕家長育兒的負擔,教育部規劃5歲幼兒免學費就學補助,提供就學當學年9月1日前滿5歲幼兒,且就讀符合〈幼兒就讀幼兒園補助辦法〉第5條規定之公私立幼兒園者,免學費的學前教育,至於經濟弱勢者,再額外補助其他就學費用,兩項補助合計,經濟最弱勢者,最高可以免費就讀公立幼兒園,就讀私立幼兒園每生每學年最高補助6萬元。

加速擴大平價教保服務,減輕家長育兒負擔
  自107年起配合〈我國少子女化對策計畫(107年至111年)〉,除持續透由〈擴大幼兒教保公共化計畫(106年至109年)〉,以及前瞻基礎建設〈校園社區化改造計畫〉,增設公共化幼兒園計1,247班。另以「國小校校均有幼兒園」為原則,再增設1,000班,為再加速增加公共化教保服務供應量,加碼提出於8年內(106-113年)增設3,000班,合計增加提供約7.9萬個就學名額,較原計畫規劃目標增加753班,再增加1.9萬個就學名額。

  考量政府雖已加速加量擴大公共化,但短時間內仍無法滿足年輕家庭托育需求,爰107年提出「準公共幼兒園」機制,與符合「合作的費用範圍」、「教保服務人員薪資」、「基礎評鑑」、「建物公安檢查申報合格」、「教保人力比符合法令規定」及「教保服務良好品質」等6項要件之私立幼兒園合作,透由公私合作加速提升平價教保服務供應量。

  另為具體減輕家長負擔,預計自108學年度起擴大發放2至4歲育兒津貼,對於生理年齡滿2歲至當學年9月1日前未滿學齡5歲幼兒,經稅捐稽徵機關核定之最近1年之綜合所得稅率未達20%,且未「正在」領取育嬰留職停薪津貼或家外送托方式未採公共或準公共化服務的幼兒,每人每年補助3萬元,第3胎以上幼兒每年加發1萬2,000元。

  The institutions of pre-school education in our nation include preschools and nursery schools: both institutions hope that children of the same age can accept identical quality educare services. In December 1997, the 2256th Meeting of the Executive Yuan decided to review and research the idea of the integration of preschools and nursery schools. On June 20, 2005, the Ministry of Education was named as the competent authority on preschools, after the integration of preschools and nursery schools. Therefore, the Ministry of Education has actively promoted the integration of preschools and nursery schools.

  The Early Childhood Education and Care Act, closely connected to the reform of the educare system of the pre-school stage, was announced by the president on June 29, 2011, and implemented on January 1, 2012, after 14 years of promotion. To carry out the integration of the educare system, preschools and nursery schools were all changed into preschools. Children of age 2 and above, before entry into primary schools, are target enrollment students. Nowadays, the integration of the education system is about to meet the needs of families with children in educare services. The Statute of Preschool Educators was announced on April 6, 2017, to establish comprehensive regulations of preschool educators.

  To carry out the spirit of the Statute of Preschool Educators preschools should offer quality, fair, prevalent, and convenient pre-school educare services, and build up a comprehensive educare service system. The Ministry of Education has actively promoted pre-school educare policies, as explained belows:

Implementation of free tuition or tuition subsidies for 5-year-old children, in order to increase the preschools enrollment rate of pre-school stage
  To lighten parents’ burden in child-raising, the Ministry of Education organized free tuition or tuition subsidies for 5-year-old children. Children at age 5 before September 1 at the start of the academic year, and who meet the conditions of Article 5 of the Regulation of Subsidies for Children Studying in Preschools, will be offered tuition subsidies. Subsidies for school fees other than tuition are offered to those with economic difficulties. In addition to the aforementioned two subsidies, the most disadvantaged children may enter into public preschools with free tuition; and they may also enter into private preschools with a maximum subsidy of NT$ 60,000 for each academic year.

Accelerate the expansion of fair educare services and lighten parents’ burden in child-raising
  Since 2018, in accordance with the Project of Strategies for Confronting the Low Birthrate of Our Nation (2018-2022), 1,247 classes in public preschools have been provided via the Project of Expansion of Public Educare Services (2017-202) and the Project of Campus Community Modification in the Forward-Looking Infrastructure. Ensuring that every primary school had an attached preschool was the goal that was expected to be achieved, and thereby 1,000 classes would be added to the national total. To further accelerate the quantity of public educare services, 3,000 classes are estimated to be increased during 8 years (2017-2024). Compared with the original target of 753 extra classes to provide for the needs of 19,000 children, the new total enrollment number is expected to provide for 79,000 children.

  Although the government had accelerated the expansion of public services, the requirements of young families still could not be satisfied in the short term. Consequently, in 2018, the system of quasi-public preschools was proposed, which would be undertaken in cooperation with private preschools which met the following standards: a reasonable range of fees, moderate salaries of preschool educators, basic evaluations, a qualified report on the building of public security, the qualification of regulations in human resources of preschool educators, and quality educare services. By the cooperation between the government and private preschools, a sufficient quantity of fair and quality educare services will be timely provided.

  Specifically, to lighten parents’ burdens, children of age 2-4 who meet the following standards would be offered NT$30,000 in subsidies every year as from the academic year 108; the third child or other junior children of the family will receive an extra NT$12,000 in subsidies every year: first, children of age 2-4, that is to say children less than 5 years old before the 1st September of the current academic year; second, the individual income tax of the family would be lowered by 20% after confirmation of the taxation authority; third, families who are not receiving subsidies of parental leave without pay; fourth, children who are not receiving the public or quasi-public services such as other private educare services that their families select.


最後更新日: 2019/11/19


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